Registry of introduced terrestrial molluscs in Belgium
The Registry of introduced terrestrial molluscs in Belgium is a species checklist dataset published by the Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences (RBINS). It contains information on all (29) non-native terrestrial molluscs occurring in the wild in Belgium since 1800. The list was originally compiled for EASIN (https://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu/easin) and is based on a literature survey and information from the collections of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS). Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the accepted scientific name and associated synonyms, higher classification, detailed taxonomic background information and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the (confidence regarding the) presence in Belgium, the year of the first introduction (first report), sometimes the last assessment/observation in Belgium and detailed verbatim information about the recorded introductions (in the distribution extension), vernacular names (in the vernacular names extension), the pathway(s) of introduction, native range(s) and degree of establishment in Belgium (in the description extension) and a detailed overview of the consulted resources (in the literature reference extension). The dataset can be used for researching and managing terrestrial alien molluscs or compiling regional and national registries of alien species. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/alien-mollusca-checklist
We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the GBIF citation guidelines (https://www.gbif.org/citation-guidelines) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via https://twitter.com/trias_project.
This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It is selected as one of the authoritative sources for the compilation of a unified and reproducible checklist of alien species in Belgium.
The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 291 records.
4 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Backeljau T, Reyserhove L, Desmet P (2019): Registry of introduced terrestrial molluscs in Belgium. v1.4. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Checklist. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=alien-mollusca-checklist&v=1.4
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.
Checklist; Inventorythematic; checklist; inventory; alien species; molluscs; Belgium; TrIAS
Who created the resource:
Who can answer questions about the resource:
Who filled in the metadata:
This checklist covers all non-native terrestrial mollusc species that have been recorded in Belgium.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [49.49, 2.53], North East [51.51, 6.41]|
This dataset includes 29 alien mollusc species, covering 18 families.
|Start Date / End Date||1828-01-01 / 2019-05-01|
Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).
|Title||Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)|
|Funding||TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).|
|Study Area Description||Belgium.|
|Design Description||The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from the Open science lab for biodiversity (https://twitter.com/oscibio) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.|
The personnel involved in the project:
The data are originally compiled for EASIN (European Alien Species Information Network, European Commission) and are based on a literature survey and information from the collections of the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS). The scientific nomenclature follows MolluscaBase (http://www.molluscabase.org/, Banks & Neubert 2017). The synonyms of the scientific names were taken from MolluscaBase and the “Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel” (Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 2003-2019). While we have tried to check the original sources of each synonym, we have not yet been able to verify all of them. As a consequence, the synonyms may be not always shown in their original nomenclatural combination. The pathways of introduction were inferred from the literature.
|Study Extent||The checklist is a compilation of all species for which there are published records of introductions in Belgium, including those whose presence in Belgium was never confirmed again after the first record.|
|Quality Control||See step description.|
Method step description:
- The source data for this standardized checklist is a Google spreadsheet, maintained by Thierry Backeljau and available on Zenodo as Excel spreadsheet (as a whole) or multiple csv files (one file per tab page)(https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3530326)
- We developed a RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
- Download the source data as csv files that are versioned on a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/alien-mollusca-checklist). See https://trias-project.github.io/alien-mollusca-checklist for an introduction to this repository and the mapping of this dataset.
- Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data.
- Generate stable and unique identifiers for each taxon (taxonID).
- Create a taxon core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml).
- Create a vernacular name extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/vernacularname.xml), including the Dutch, English, French and German vernacular names.
- Create a distribution extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml).
- Create a literature reference extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/references.xml), containing the consulted resources for each taxon.
- Create a description extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/description.xml), with standardized pathway of introduction (using the pathway vocabulary from the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014)), native range and degree of establishment (based on Blackburn et al. (2011)).
- The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
- The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
- Bank RA, Neubert E (2017) Checklist of the land and freshwater Gastropoda of Europe. Last update: July 16th, 2017. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=279050
- Blackburn TM, Pysek P, Bacher S, Carlton JT, Duncan RP, Jarosik V, Wilson JRU & Richardson DM (2011) A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023
- Convention on Biological Diversity (2014) Pathways of introduction of invasive species, their prioritization and management. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/9/Add.1. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-18/official/sbstta-18-09-add1-en.pdf
- European Commission - Joint Research Centre - European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN). https://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu/
- Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (2003-2019) Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel. https://inpn.mnhn.fr. Accessed on 2019-05-07.
- Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Strubbe D, Backeljau T, Barbier Y, Brosens D, Cigar J, Coupremanne M, De Troch R, Eggermont H, Heughebaert A, Hostens K, Huybrechts P, Jacquemart A, Lens L, Monty A, Paquet J, Prévot C, Robertson T, Termonia P, Van De Kerchove R, Van Hoey G, Van Schaeybroeck B, Vercayie D, Verleye T, Welby S, Groom Q (2017) Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS): Building a data-driven framework to inform policy. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13414 https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414