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MICA - Muskrat occurrences collected by RATO in East Flanders, Belgium

Versão 1.4 publicado por Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) em Nov 13, 2020 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Mica - Rato Muskrat catch in East Flanders, Belgium is an occurrence dataset published by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO). It is part of the LIFE MICA - Management of Invasive Coypu and muskrAt in Europe project on Muskrat monitoring networks in Flanders, The Netherlands and Germany. This dataset contains Muskrat occurrences in traps. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each occurrence record an recordID, date, location, sampling protocol, the number of recorded individuals, status (present/absent) and scientific name. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/inbo/muskrat-rato-occurrences/issues

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via opendata@inbo.be.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de ocorrência foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 142 registros.

Este IPT armazena os dados e, portanto, serve como um repositório de dados. Os dados e os metadados do recurso estão disponíveis para download no seção de downloads. A tabela de versões lista outras versões do recurso que foram disponibilizadas ao público e permite o rastreamento das alterações realizadas no recurso ao longo do tempo.

Downloads

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 142 registros em English (11 KB)  - Frequência de atualização: quando necessário
Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (16 KB)
Metadados como um arquivo RTF download em English (15 KB)

Versões

A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Lembre-se, esta é uma versão antiga do dataset.  Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Van Moer K, Brosens D, Cartuyvels E (2020): MICA - Muskrat occurrences collected by RATO in East Flanders, Belgium. v1.4. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Occurrence. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=mica-rato-occurrences&v=1.4

Direitos

Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 95b0e787-8508-4247-9e48-18b45fc7d12e.  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Belgian Biodiversity Platform.

Palavras-chave

Occurrence; Observation; animal damage‚ biodiversity‚ public awareness campaign‚ flood protection‚ pest control‚ damage prevention‚ flood control

Contatos

Quem criou esse recurso:

Karel Van Moer
researcher
Rattenbestrijding - Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO) BE
Dimitri Brosens
researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)/ Belgian Biodiversity Platform BE
Emma Cartuyvels
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

Quem pode responder a perguntas sobre o recurso:

Karel Van Moer
researcher
Rattenbestrijding - Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO) BE
Dimitri Brosens
Researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Belgian Biodiversity Platform BE

Quem preencher os metadados:

Dimitri Brosens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Belgian Biodiversity Platform BE

Cobertura Geográfica

East Flanders, Belgium

Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [50.69, 3.3], Norte Leste [51.38, 4.33]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

Reino  Animalia
Filo  Vertebrata
Class  Mammalia
Ordem  Rodentia
Família  Cricetidae
Espécie  Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat)

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 2017-12-15 / 2020-08-01

Dados Sobre o Projeto

Life MICA is an international cooperation with the goal to reduce coypu and muskrat population to a manageable size in order to prevent damage to waterways, biodiversity and plant life. Oypu (Myocastor coypus) and muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) are large semiaquatic rodents of American origin that are now found in a wide range of habitats in wetlands, lowlands and reed areas in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. Coypu and muskrat populations can be very damaging tow their environment. They feed on roots of bulrush and reeds, can consume up to 1.5 m2 of vegetation per night per animal. Endangered species, such as freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera), little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) and Eurasian bittern (Botaurus stellaris), suffer from habitat damage and egg destruction. By destroying reed habitats, theseinvasive alien species (IAS) also drastically affect ecosystem services, diminishing the filtering effects of this habitat and its buffering capacity, and by digging into dikes and quays they seriously increase the risk of floods and human health risks. Moreover, the species damage commercial crops, leading to significant losses in yield. Finally, muskrat and coypu can be carriers of various diseases dangerous to human and pet health such as zoonosis. Coypu and muskrat management operations are a core activity of the regional Dutch Water Authority Rivierenland (WSRL), where trapping operations help minimise the muskrat population and prevent coypu from spreading in the Netherlands.

Título MICA
Identificador LIFE18 NAT/NL/001047
Financiamento Life programme EU
Descrição da Área de Estudo Flanders, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Ponto de Contato
Emma Cartuyvels

Métodos de Amostragem

Before 2000, baits infused with rodenticides were used to control muskrats. These catches were seldom registered as animals could not be recovered. It is therefore likely that reported catches up until this point in time are an underestimation. Since 2000, Flanders has banned the use of rodenticides for muskrat control and the control is performed purely mechanical using various types of traps. These traps will be laid out either at fixed distances close to the regional borders as a passive control mechanism or they will be placed where traces of muskrat presence are reported as active control mechanisms (Verbeylen et al. 2002). These traps are controlled minimally each week but at high densities it is more likely that a trapper will check them each day. The date of an observation is therefore the date that the animal was retrieved from the trap.This is explained in Dwc:samplingEffort Trapping techniques used in Flanders are described in the best practice of Stuyck (2016). Conibeartraps, fishtraps and baittraps are used for this dataset. RATO vzw carries out active control on the public areas in East Flanders. The trapper searches along the public waterways, street canals, container parks... to find traces of muskrats and brown rats. The transitions of closed to open sewer are extra guarded.

Área de Estudo Muskrats were introduced in 1928 in Belgium as a fur animal. As early as 1938, its eradication was ordered, making the muskrat control program one of the longest standing control programs for any organism in Belgium. Since then, there have been many different actors and control methods, and today the control is still spread over several management actors and public authorities. In 1991 control was organized at the municipal level, many of whom hired private firms to control muskrats (Stuyck 2002). Catches, bait use, effort and bycatches (most of the time) were submitted monthly to Landelijke Waterdienst /AMINAL - afdeling Water by mail. Muskrat control in Flanders was regionalized and strongly professionalized at the end of the 1990s. For-profit trapping and the fur trade of muskrats was banned. The Flanders Environment Agency (VMM) became responsible for controlling muskrats on all streams under Flemish regional jurisdiction. They are complemented by other management actors, such as provincial and municipal trappers, Rattenbestrijding Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO vzw) and Polders and Wateringen (vvpw).
Controle de Qualidade see step description

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. Source data are submitted by the different management actors on either a monthly or yearly basis. Initially these submission where done by mailing the monthly numbers which were then digitized in Excel spreadsheet. Since the early 2000s all management actors have switched to submitting their catches in Excel spreadsheets.
  2. A csv export of the master Excel spreadsheet was uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/inbo/muskrat-occurrences).
  3. We developed a Rmarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
  4. Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data.
  5. Create an occurrence core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_occurrence_2015-07-02.xml) for presence-only and all data.
  6. The Darwin Core data file is uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
  7. The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.

Metadados Adicionais

Propósito Muskrat catch data are collected by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) to monitor muskrat populations and the efficiency of their management in Flanders. Management has been going since 1938 and although some data collection happened before 1991 (e.g. Geeraerts-Bracops 1974) it is only from this point forward that all catches were collected systematically per month and per municipality. Since management was and is spread over different management actors (the Flanders Environment Agency (VMM), Rattenbestrijding Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO vzw), Polders and Wateringen (vvpw), and provincial and municipal trappers) data needed to be integrated to get a full view of the status of muskrat populations in Flanders and their management. More recently this dataset has also been used to report (Adriaens et al. 2019) on the management of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern (Regulation (EU) 1143/2014).
Identificadores alternativos 95b0e787-8508-4247-9e48-18b45fc7d12e
https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=mica-rato-occurrences