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MICA - Muskrat occurrences collected by RATO in East Flanders, Belgium

版本 1.4 由 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) 發佈於 Nov 13, 2020 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Mica - Rato Muskrat catch in East Flanders, Belgium is an occurrence dataset published by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO). It is part of the LIFE MICA - Management of Invasive Coypu and muskrAt in Europe project on Muskrat monitoring networks in Flanders, The Netherlands and Germany. This dataset contains Muskrat occurrences in traps. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each occurrence record an recordID, date, location, sampling protocol, the number of recorded individuals, status (present/absent) and scientific name. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/inbo/muskrat-rato-occurrences/issues

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via opendata@inbo.be.

Data Records

The data in this 出現紀錄 resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 142 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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下載最新版本的Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A)資源,或資源元數據的EML或RTF文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 142 紀錄 在 English 中 (11 KB)  - Update frequency: 需要時
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (16 KB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (15 KB)

版本

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

如何引用

請注意,此資料集為舊版本。  研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Van Moer K, Brosens D, Cartuyvels E (2020): MICA - Muskrat occurrences collected by RATO in East Flanders, Belgium. v1.4. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Occurrence. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=mica-rato-occurrences&v=1.4

Rights

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 95b0e787-8508-4247-9e48-18b45fc7d12e。  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) 發佈此資源,並經由Belgian Biodiversity Platform同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Occurrence; Observation; animal damage‚ biodiversity‚ public awareness campaign‚ flood protection‚ pest control‚ damage prevention‚ flood control

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Karel Van Moer
researcher
Rattenbestrijding - Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO) BE
Dimitri Brosens
researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)/ Belgian Biodiversity Platform BE
Emma Cartuyvels
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Karel Van Moer
researcher
Rattenbestrijding - Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO) BE
Dimitri Brosens
Researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Belgian Biodiversity Platform BE

元數據填寫者:

Dimitri Brosens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Belgian Biodiversity Platform BE

地理涵蓋範圍

East Flanders, Belgium

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [50.69, 3.3], 緯度北界 經度東界 [51.38, 4.33]

分類群涵蓋範圍

Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

Kingdom  Animalia
Phylum  Vertebrata
Class  Mammalia
Order  Rodentia
Family  Cricetidae
Species  Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat)

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 / 結束日期 2017-12-15 / 2020-08-01

計畫資料

Life MICA is an international cooperation with the goal to reduce coypu and muskrat population to a manageable size in order to prevent damage to waterways, biodiversity and plant life. Oypu (Myocastor coypus) and muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) are large semiaquatic rodents of American origin that are now found in a wide range of habitats in wetlands, lowlands and reed areas in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. Coypu and muskrat populations can be very damaging tow their environment. They feed on roots of bulrush and reeds, can consume up to 1.5 m2 of vegetation per night per animal. Endangered species, such as freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera), little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus) and Eurasian bittern (Botaurus stellaris), suffer from habitat damage and egg destruction. By destroying reed habitats, theseinvasive alien species (IAS) also drastically affect ecosystem services, diminishing the filtering effects of this habitat and its buffering capacity, and by digging into dikes and quays they seriously increase the risk of floods and human health risks. Moreover, the species damage commercial crops, leading to significant losses in yield. Finally, muskrat and coypu can be carriers of various diseases dangerous to human and pet health such as zoonosis. Coypu and muskrat management operations are a core activity of the regional Dutch Water Authority Rivierenland (WSRL), where trapping operations help minimise the muskrat population and prevent coypu from spreading in the Netherlands.

計畫名稱 MICA
辨識碼 LIFE18 NAT/NL/001047
經費來源 Life programme EU
研究區域描述 Flanders, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany

The personnel involved in the project:

連絡人
Emma Cartuyvels

取樣方法

Before 2000, baits infused with rodenticides were used to control muskrats. These catches were seldom registered as animals could not be recovered. It is therefore likely that reported catches up until this point in time are an underestimation. Since 2000, Flanders has banned the use of rodenticides for muskrat control and the control is performed purely mechanical using various types of traps. These traps will be laid out either at fixed distances close to the regional borders as a passive control mechanism or they will be placed where traces of muskrat presence are reported as active control mechanisms (Verbeylen et al. 2002). These traps are controlled minimally each week but at high densities it is more likely that a trapper will check them each day. The date of an observation is therefore the date that the animal was retrieved from the trap.This is explained in Dwc:samplingEffort Trapping techniques used in Flanders are described in the best practice of Stuyck (2016). Conibeartraps, fishtraps and baittraps are used for this dataset. RATO vzw carries out active control on the public areas in East Flanders. The trapper searches along the public waterways, street canals, container parks... to find traces of muskrats and brown rats. The transitions of closed to open sewer are extra guarded.

研究範圍 Muskrats were introduced in 1928 in Belgium as a fur animal. As early as 1938, its eradication was ordered, making the muskrat control program one of the longest standing control programs for any organism in Belgium. Since then, there have been many different actors and control methods, and today the control is still spread over several management actors and public authorities. In 1991 control was organized at the municipal level, many of whom hired private firms to control muskrats (Stuyck 2002). Catches, bait use, effort and bycatches (most of the time) were submitted monthly to Landelijke Waterdienst /AMINAL - afdeling Water by mail. Muskrat control in Flanders was regionalized and strongly professionalized at the end of the 1990s. For-profit trapping and the fur trade of muskrats was banned. The Flanders Environment Agency (VMM) became responsible for controlling muskrats on all streams under Flemish regional jurisdiction. They are complemented by other management actors, such as provincial and municipal trappers, Rattenbestrijding Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO vzw) and Polders and Wateringen (vvpw).
品質控管 see step description

方法步驟描述:

  1. Source data are submitted by the different management actors on either a monthly or yearly basis. Initially these submission where done by mailing the monthly numbers which were then digitized in Excel spreadsheet. Since the early 2000s all management actors have switched to submitting their catches in Excel spreadsheets.
  2. A csv export of the master Excel spreadsheet was uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/inbo/muskrat-occurrences).
  3. We developed a Rmarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
  4. Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data.
  5. Create an occurrence core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_occurrence_2015-07-02.xml) for presence-only and all data.
  6. The Darwin Core data file is uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
  7. The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.

額外的元數據

目的 Muskrat catch data are collected by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) to monitor muskrat populations and the efficiency of their management in Flanders. Management has been going since 1938 and although some data collection happened before 1991 (e.g. Geeraerts-Bracops 1974) it is only from this point forward that all catches were collected systematically per month and per municipality. Since management was and is spread over different management actors (the Flanders Environment Agency (VMM), Rattenbestrijding Oost-Vlaanderen (RATO vzw), Polders and Wateringen (vvpw), and provincial and municipal trappers) data needed to be integrated to get a full view of the status of muskrat populations in Flanders and their management. More recently this dataset has also been used to report (Adriaens et al. 2019) on the management of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern (Regulation (EU) 1143/2014).
替代的識別碼 95b0e787-8508-4247-9e48-18b45fc7d12e
https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=mica-rato-occurrences