Checklist of alien birds of Belgium

Dernière version Publié par Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) le Sep 12, 2019 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

The Checklist of alien birds of Belgium is a species checklist dataset published by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It contains information on 244 alien birds species occurring or ever observed in the wild in Belgium since 1800 and is is a compilation of different sources: literature (e.g. scientific papers, reports), citizen science portals (e.g. observations.be, waarnemingen.be, the Belgian Rare Birds Committee http://www.belgianrbc.be) and online databases such as DAISIE (DAISIE 2000) or the Global Avian Invasions Atlas (Dyer et al. 2017). Here, the checklist is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, kingdom and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the presence in Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region, as well as the year of the first introduction (first collection) and/or last assessment/observation in Belgium (given as a year range in the event date in the distribution extension), coarse habitat information (in the species profile extension), and the pathway(s) of introduction, native range(s) and degree of establishment in Belgium (in the description extension). The checklist can be used for research, to inform horizon-scanning exercises, to perform risk assessments of alien species, to compile regional and national registries of alien species, to feed biodiversity indicators etc. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/alien-birds-checklist

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the GBIF citation guidelines (https://www.gbif.org/citation-guidelines) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via opendata@inbo.be.

This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It is selected as one of the authoritative sources for the compilation of a unified and reproducible checklist of alien species in Belgium (Desmet et al. https://doi.org/10.15468/xoidmd).

The compilation of the checklist was supported by the Short Term Scientific Mission Improving data flows for alien birds in Belgium and drafting a roadmap for alien species citizen science in Romania funded by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Alien CSI CA17122 - Increasing understanding of alien species through citizen science (https://alien-csi.eu/).

Enregistrements de données

Les données de cette ressource checklist ont été publiées sous forme d'une Archive Darwin Core (Darwin Core Archive ou DwC-A), le format standard pour partager des données de biodiversité en tant qu'ensemble d'un ou plusieurs tableurs de données. Le tableur de données du cœur de standard (core) contient 244 enregistrements. 3 tableurs de données d'extension existent également. Un enregistrement d'extension fournit des informations supplémentaires sur un enregistrement du cœur de standard (core). Le nombre d'enregistrements dans chaque tableur de données d'extension est illustré ci-dessous.

  • Taxon (noyau)
    244
  • Description 
    581
  • Distribution 
    247
  • SpeciesProfile 
    244

Cet IPT archive les données et sert donc de dépôt de données. Les données et métadonnées des ressources sont disponibles au téléchargement dans la section téléchargements. Le tableau des versions liste les autres versions de chaque ressource rendues disponibles de façon publique et permet de tracer les modifications apportées à la ressource au fil du temps.

Téléchargements

Téléchargez la dernière version de la ressource en tant qu'Archive Darwin Core (DwC-A), ou les métadonnées de la ressource au format EML ou RTF :

Données sous forme de fichier DwC-A (zip) télécharger 244 enregistrements dans Anglais (40 KB) - Fréquence de mise à jour: quand cela est nécessaire
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier EML télécharger dans Anglais (25 KB)
Métadonnées sous forme de fichier RTF télécharger dans Anglais (22 KB)

Versions

Le tableau ci-dessous n'affiche que les versions publiées de la ressource accessibles publiquement.

Comment citer

Les chercheurs doivent citer cette ressource comme suit:

Preda C, Adriaens T, Strubbe D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2019): Checklist of alien birds of Belgium. v1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Checklist. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=alien-birds-checklist&v=1.2

Droits

Les chercheurs doivent respecter la déclaration de droits suivante:

L’éditeur et détenteur des droits de cette ressource est Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

Enregistrement GBIF

Cette ressource a été enregistrée sur le portail GBIF, et possède l'UUID GBIF suivante : e1c3be64-2799-4342-8312-49d076993132.  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) publie cette ressource, et est enregistré dans le GBIF comme éditeur de données avec l'approbation du Belgian Biodiversity Platform.

Mots-clé

Checklist; Inventorythematic; checklist; inventory; alien species; animals; birds; Flanders; Wallonia; Brussels-Capital Region; Belgium; TrIAS; AlienCSI

Contacts

Personne ayant créé cette ressource:

Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Lien Reyserhove
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

Personne pouvant répondre aux questions sur la ressource:

Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

Personne ayant renseigné les métadonnées:

Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Lien Reyserhove
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

Couverture géographique

This checklist covers all bird species that occur as an alien species in Belgium. The dataset also includes information on the presence of a species in Flanders, Wallonia and/or the Brussels Capital Region (the three main political regions in Belgium).

Enveloppe géographique Sud Ouest [49.49, 2.53], Nord Est [51.51, 6.41]

Couverture taxonomique

In total, this dataset includes 244 alien bird species, covering 19 bird orders (45 bird families). Although some bird orders such as Anseriformes (67 species), Passeriformes (63 species), Psittaciformes (33 species) and Galliformes (19 species) traditionally contain many alien species, most recorded orders account for only few taxa. Only taxa at specific or subspecific level are included in the list. Species with populations of mixed origin (escaped and wild) in Belgium (e.g. barnacle goose Branta leucopsis, greylag goose Anser anser) were not considered true alien species and were excluded from the list. Also excluded are native species that are used for restocking (e.g. grey partridge Perdix perdix) or birds that might have popped up occasionally as escapes from collections but that also occur as rare migrants or occur as native breeders.

Kingdom  Animalia (animals)
Class  Aves (birds)

Couverture temporelle

Date de début / Date de fin 1800-01-01 / 2019-07-01

Données sur le projet

Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).

Titre Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)
Identifiant TrIAS
Financement TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).
Description du domaine d'étude / de recherche Belgium.
Description du design The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from the Open science lab for biodiversity (https://twitter.com/oscibio) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.

Les personnes impliquées dans le projet:

Chercheur Principal
Quentin Groom
Auteur
Diederik Strubbe
Auteur
Sonia Vanderhoeven

Méthodes d'échantillonnage

Data for this checklist are compiled from different sources: literature, databases and citizen science portals. The dataset also includes information previously gathered for the state of biodiversity in Flanders (incl. De Bruyn 2005, De Bruyn et al. 2007, Dumortier et al. 2007 & 2008, Adriaens et al. 2010, Demolder et al. 2017). Data are added and verified by different people. The names of all contributors are included as authors of the checklist.

Etendue de l'étude Belgium
Contrôle qualité See step description.

Description des étapes de la méthode:

  1. The source data for this standardized checklist is a Google Spreadsheet, maintained by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO) and updated regularly at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1ugsmAq_tlUjFmZef2zyw-mT0Tq1jSdPlNO4KTfJyXVo/edit?usp=sharing.
  2. We developed a RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
  3. Download the source data to csv file that is versioned on a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/alien-birds-checklist). See https://trias-project.github.io/alien-birds-checklist for an introduction to this repository and the mapping of this dataset.
  4. Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data.
  5. Generate stable and unique identifiers for each taxon (taxonID).
  6. Create a taxon core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml), with information about the higher classification.
  7. Create a distribution extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml), including the cleaning of date information.
  8. Create a species profile extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/speciesprofile.xml), with coarse habitat information.
  9. Create a description extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/description.xml), with standardized pathway of introduction (using the pathway vocabulary from the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014)), native range (using the WGSRPD vocabulary from Brummitt (2001) where applicable), and degree of establishment (based on Blackburn et al. (2011)).
  10. The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
  11. The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.

Citations bibliographiques

  1. Blackburn TM, Pysek P, Bacher S, Carlton JT, Duncan RP, Jarosik V, Wilson JRU & Richardson DM (2011) A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023
  2. Brummitt RK (2001) World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (Ed. 2). Published for the International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases for Plant Sciences (TDWG) by the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh. http://grassworld.myspecies.info/sites/grassworld.myspecies.info/files/tdwg_geo2.pdf
  3. Convention on Biological Diversity (2014) Pathways of introduction of invasive species, their prioritization and management. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/9/Add.1. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-18/official/sbstta-18-09-add1-en.pdf
  4. DAISIE (2009) European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. http://www.europe-aliens.org/
  5. De Bruyn L, Anselin A, Casaer J, Spanoghe G, Van Thuyne G, Verloove F, Vermeersch G, Verreycken H (2007) Uitheemse soorten in Dumortier et al. (ed) Natuurrapport 2007: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek INBO.M.2007.4: 109-123. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/nl/publications/natuurrapport-2007(b65e7fe8-6916-4b05-a980-02a08d4dad87).html
  6. De Bruyn L (2005) Exoten in Dumortier et al. (ed) Natuurrapport 2005: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 24: 74-80. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/nl/publications/natuurrapport-2005(1da4b865-e116-4cca-b363-3c3579d0c6e5).html
  7. Demolder H, Peymen J, Adriaens T, Anselin A, Belpaire C, Boone N, De Beck L, De Keersmaeker L, De Knijf G, De Smet L, Devos K, Everaert J, Geeraerts C, Jansen I, Lommaert L, Maes D, Neirynck J, Onkelinx T, Sioen G, Stevens M, Thomaes A, Thoonen M, Van Den Berge K, Van der Aa B, Van Gossum P, Van Landuyt W, Van Reeth W, Van Uytvanck J, Vermeersch G, Verreycken H, Verschelde P (2017) Natuurindicatoren 2017: Toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 2. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://doi.org/10.21436/inbom.13664744
  8. Desmet P, Reyserhove L, Oldoni D, Groom Q, Adriaens T, Vanderhoeven S, Pagad S (2019). Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - Belgium. Version 1.6. Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG. Checklist dataset. https://doi.org/10.15468/xoidmd.
  9. Dumortier M, De Bruyn L, Hens M, Peymen J, Schneiders A, Van Daele T, Van Reeth W (2007) Natuurindicatoren 2007: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek INBO.M.2007.5. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/en/publications/natuurindicatoren-2007(c83a87b1-84bb-4fca-aa35-c51c5c5750ef).html
  10. Dumortier M, De Bruyn L, Peymen J, Schneiders A, Turkelboom F, Van Daele T, Hens M, Van Reeth W (2008) Natuurindicatoren 2008: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek INBO.M.2008.5. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/nl/publications/natuurindicatoren-2008(59a07e82-9092-42b6-8d3a-43c44e631612).html
  11. Dyer EE, Redding DW, Blackburn TM (2017) The global avian invasions atlas, a database of alien bird distributions worldwide. Scientific data 4:170041. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.41
  12. Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Strubbe D, Backeljau T, Barbier Y, Brosens D, Cigar J, Coupremanne M, De Troch R, Eggermont H, Heughebaert A, Hostens K, Huybrechts P, Jacquemart A, Lens L, Monty A, Paquet J, Prévot C, Robertson T, Termonia P, Van De Kerchove R, Van Hoey G, Van Schaeybroeck B, Vercayie D, Verleye T, Welby S, Groom Q (2017) Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS): Building a data-driven framework to inform policy. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13414. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414

Métadonnées additionnelles

Identifiants alternatifs e1c3be64-2799-4342-8312-49d076993132
https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=alien-birds-checklist