Checklist of alien birds of Belgium

最新バージョン Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) によって公開 Sep 12, 2019 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

The Checklist of alien birds of Belgium is a species checklist dataset published by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It contains information on 244 alien birds species occurring or ever observed in the wild in Belgium since 1800 and is is a compilation of different sources: literature (e.g. scientific papers, reports), citizen science portals (e.g. observations.be, waarnemingen.be, the Belgian Rare Birds Committee http://www.belgianrbc.be) and online databases such as DAISIE (DAISIE 2000) or the Global Avian Invasions Atlas (Dyer et al. 2017). Here, the checklist is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, kingdom and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the presence in Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels-Capital Region, as well as the year of the first introduction (first collection) and/or last assessment/observation in Belgium (given as a year range in the event date in the distribution extension), coarse habitat information (in the species profile extension), and the pathway(s) of introduction, native range(s) and degree of establishment in Belgium (in the description extension). The checklist can be used for research, to inform horizon-scanning exercises, to perform risk assessments of alien species, to compile regional and national registries of alien species, to feed biodiversity indicators etc. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/alien-birds-checklist

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the GBIF citation guidelines (https://www.gbif.org/citation-guidelines) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via opendata@inbo.be.

This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It is selected as one of the authoritative sources for the compilation of a unified and reproducible checklist of alien species in Belgium (Desmet et al. https://doi.org/10.15468/xoidmd).

The compilation of the checklist was supported by the Short Term Scientific Mission Improving data flows for alien birds in Belgium and drafting a roadmap for alien species citizen science in Romania funded by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Alien CSI CA17122 - Increasing understanding of alien species through citizen science (https://alien-csi.eu/).

データ レコード

この チェックリスト リソース内のデータは、1 つまたは複数のデータ テーブルとして生物多様性データを共有するための標準化された形式であるダーウィン コア アーカイブ (DwC-A) として公開されています。 コア データ テーブルには、244 レコードが含まれています。 拡張データ テーブルは3 件存在しています。拡張レコードは、コアのレコードについての追加情報を提供するものです。 各拡張データ テーブル内のレコード数を以下に示します。

  • Taxon (コア)
    244
  • Description 
    581
  • Distribution 
    247
  • SpeciesProfile 
    244

この IPT はデータをアーカイブし、データ リポジトリとして機能します。データとリソースのメタデータは、 ダウンロード セクションからダウンロードできます。 バージョン テーブルから公開可能な他のバージョンを閲覧でき、リソースに加えられた変更を知ることができます。

ダウンロード

DwC-A形式のリソース データまたは EML / RTF 形式のリソース メタデータの最新バージョンをダウンロード:

DwC ファイルとしてのデータ ダウンロード 244 レコード English で (40 KB) - 更新頻度: as needed
EML ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (25 KB)
RTF ファイルとしてのメタデータ ダウンロード English で (22 KB)

バージョン

次の表は、公にアクセス可能な公開バージョンのリソースのみ表示しています。

引用方法

研究者はこの研究内容を以下のように引用する必要があります。:

Preda C, Adriaens T, Strubbe D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2019): Checklist of alien birds of Belgium. v1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Checklist. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=alien-birds-checklist&v=1.2

権利

研究者は権利に関する下記ステートメントを尊重する必要があります。:

パブリッシャーとライセンス保持者権利者は Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)。 To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF登録

このリソースをはGBIF と登録されており GBIF UUID: e1c3be64-2799-4342-8312-49d076993132が割り当てられています。   Belgian Biodiversity Platform によって承認されたデータ パブリッシャーとして GBIF に登録されているResearch Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) が、このリソースをパブリッシュしました。

キーワード

Checklist; Inventorythematic; checklist; inventory; alien species; animals; birds; Flanders; Wallonia; Brussels-Capital Region; Belgium; TrIAS; AlienCSI

連絡先

リソースを作成した人:

Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Lien Reyserhove
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

リソースに関する質問に答えることができる人:

Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

メタデータを記載した人:

Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE
Lien Reyserhove
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) BE

地理的範囲

This checklist covers all bird species that occur as an alien species in Belgium. The dataset also includes information on the presence of a species in Flanders, Wallonia and/or the Brussels Capital Region (the three main political regions in Belgium).

座標(緯度経度) 南 西 [49.49, 2.53], 北 東 [51.51, 6.41]

生物分類学的範囲

In total, this dataset includes 244 alien bird species, covering 19 bird orders (45 bird families). Although some bird orders such as Anseriformes (67 species), Passeriformes (63 species), Psittaciformes (33 species) and Galliformes (19 species) traditionally contain many alien species, most recorded orders account for only few taxa. Only taxa at specific or subspecific level are included in the list. Species with populations of mixed origin (escaped and wild) in Belgium (e.g. barnacle goose Branta leucopsis, greylag goose Anser anser) were not considered true alien species and were excluded from the list. Also excluded are native species that are used for restocking (e.g. grey partridge Perdix perdix) or birds that might have popped up occasionally as escapes from collections but that also occur as rare migrants or occur as native breeders.

Kingdom  Animalia (animals)
Class  Aves (birds)

時間的範囲

開始日 / 終了日 1800-01-01 / 2019-07-01

プロジェクトデータ

Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).

タイトル Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)
識別子 TrIAS
ファンデイング TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).
Study Area Description Belgium.
研究の意図、目的、背景など(デザイン) The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from the Open science lab for biodiversity (https://twitter.com/oscibio) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.

プロジェクトに携わる要員:

論文著者
Tim Adriaens
論文著者
Peter Desmet
研究代表者
Quentin Groom
論文著者
Diederik Strubbe
論文著者
Sonia Vanderhoeven

収集方法

Data for this checklist are compiled from different sources: literature, databases and citizen science portals. The dataset also includes information previously gathered for the state of biodiversity in Flanders (incl. De Bruyn 2005, De Bruyn et al. 2007, Dumortier et al. 2007 & 2008, Adriaens et al. 2010, Demolder et al. 2017). Data are added and verified by different people. The names of all contributors are included as authors of the checklist.

Study Extent Belgium
Quality Control See step description.

Method step description:

  1. The source data for this standardized checklist is a Google Spreadsheet, maintained by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO) and updated regularly at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1ugsmAq_tlUjFmZef2zyw-mT0Tq1jSdPlNO4KTfJyXVo/edit?usp=sharing.
  2. We developed a RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
  3. Download the source data to csv file that is versioned on a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/alien-birds-checklist). See https://trias-project.github.io/alien-birds-checklist for an introduction to this repository and the mapping of this dataset.
  4. Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data.
  5. Generate stable and unique identifiers for each taxon (taxonID).
  6. Create a taxon core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml), with information about the higher classification.
  7. Create a distribution extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml), including the cleaning of date information.
  8. Create a species profile extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/speciesprofile.xml), with coarse habitat information.
  9. Create a description extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/description.xml), with standardized pathway of introduction (using the pathway vocabulary from the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014)), native range (using the WGSRPD vocabulary from Brummitt (2001) where applicable), and degree of establishment (based on Blackburn et al. (2011)).
  10. The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
  11. The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.

書誌情報の引用

  1. Blackburn TM, Pysek P, Bacher S, Carlton JT, Duncan RP, Jarosik V, Wilson JRU & Richardson DM (2011) A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023
  2. Brummitt RK (2001) World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (Ed. 2). Published for the International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases for Plant Sciences (TDWG) by the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh. http://grassworld.myspecies.info/sites/grassworld.myspecies.info/files/tdwg_geo2.pdf
  3. Convention on Biological Diversity (2014) Pathways of introduction of invasive species, their prioritization and management. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/9/Add.1. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-18/official/sbstta-18-09-add1-en.pdf
  4. DAISIE (2009) European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. http://www.europe-aliens.org/
  5. De Bruyn L, Anselin A, Casaer J, Spanoghe G, Van Thuyne G, Verloove F, Vermeersch G, Verreycken H (2007) Uitheemse soorten in Dumortier et al. (ed) Natuurrapport 2007: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek INBO.M.2007.4: 109-123. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/nl/publications/natuurrapport-2007(b65e7fe8-6916-4b05-a980-02a08d4dad87).html
  6. De Bruyn L (2005) Exoten in Dumortier et al. (ed) Natuurrapport 2005: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 24: 74-80. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/nl/publications/natuurrapport-2005(1da4b865-e116-4cca-b363-3c3579d0c6e5).html
  7. Demolder H, Peymen J, Adriaens T, Anselin A, Belpaire C, Boone N, De Beck L, De Keersmaeker L, De Knijf G, De Smet L, Devos K, Everaert J, Geeraerts C, Jansen I, Lommaert L, Maes D, Neirynck J, Onkelinx T, Sioen G, Stevens M, Thomaes A, Thoonen M, Van Den Berge K, Van der Aa B, Van Gossum P, Van Landuyt W, Van Reeth W, Van Uytvanck J, Vermeersch G, Verreycken H, Verschelde P (2017) Natuurindicatoren 2017: Toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 2. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://doi.org/10.21436/inbom.13664744
  8. Desmet P, Reyserhove L, Oldoni D, Groom Q, Adriaens T, Vanderhoeven S, Pagad S (2019). Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - Belgium. Version 1.6. Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG. Checklist dataset. https://doi.org/10.15468/xoidmd.
  9. Dumortier M, De Bruyn L, Hens M, Peymen J, Schneiders A, Van Daele T, Van Reeth W (2007) Natuurindicatoren 2007: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek INBO.M.2007.5. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/en/publications/natuurindicatoren-2007(c83a87b1-84bb-4fca-aa35-c51c5c5750ef).html
  10. Dumortier M, De Bruyn L, Peymen J, Schneiders A, Turkelboom F, Van Daele T, Hens M, Van Reeth W (2008) Natuurindicatoren 2008: toestand van de natuur in Vlaanderen: cijfers voor het beleid. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek INBO.M.2008.5. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek. https://pureportal.inbo.be/portal/nl/publications/natuurindicatoren-2008(59a07e82-9092-42b6-8d3a-43c44e631612).html
  11. Dyer EE, Redding DW, Blackburn TM (2017) The global avian invasions atlas, a database of alien bird distributions worldwide. Scientific data 4:170041. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.41
  12. Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Strubbe D, Backeljau T, Barbier Y, Brosens D, Cigar J, Coupremanne M, De Troch R, Eggermont H, Heughebaert A, Hostens K, Huybrechts P, Jacquemart A, Lens L, Monty A, Paquet J, Prévot C, Robertson T, Termonia P, Van De Kerchove R, Van Hoey G, Van Schaeybroeck B, Vercayie D, Verleye T, Welby S, Groom Q (2017) Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS): Building a data-driven framework to inform policy. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13414. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414

追加のメタデータ

代替識別子 e1c3be64-2799-4342-8312-49d076993132
https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=alien-birds-checklist