Updated checklist of the ants in Belgium

Lista de chequeo
Última versión publicado por Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) el jul. 19, 2024 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Fecha de publicación:
19 de julio de 2024
CC0 1.0

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 101 registros en Inglés (25 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: cuando sea necesario
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (25 KB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (17 KB)


The Updated checklist of the ants in Belgium is a species checklist dataset published by Institute of Natural Sciences. It contains information on 100+ ant species occurring in Belgium, detected between 1833 and 2023. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, kingdom, and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the presence in Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels Capital Region, the year of the first introduction (first collection) and last assessment/observation in Belgium (given as a year range), as well as the degree of establishment and the pathway(s) of introduction (in the distribution extension), coarse habitat information (in the species profile extension), and the native range(s) (in the description extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/belgian-formicidae-checklist.

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata.

This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It is selected as one of the authoritative sources for the compilation of a unified and reproducible checklist of alien species in Belgium.


Los datos en este recurso de lista de chequeo han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 101 registros.

también existen 3 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

Taxon (core)

Este IPT archiva los datos y, por lo tanto, sirve como repositorio de datos. Los datos y los metadatos del recurso están disponibles para su descarga en la sección descargas. La tabla versiones enumera otras versiones del recurso que se han puesto a disposición del público y permite seguir los cambios realizados en el recurso a lo largo del tiempo.


La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Dekoninck W, Vankerkhoven F, Taelman C, Wegnez P, Ignace D, Adriaens T, Reyserhove L, Govaert S (2024). Updated checklist of the ants in Belgium. Version 1.5. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=belgian-formicidae-checklist&v=1.5


Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). En la medida de lo posible según la ley, el publicador ha renunciado a todos los derechos sobre estos datos y los ha dedicado al Dominio público (CC0 1.0). Los usuarios pueden copiar, modificar, distribuir y utilizar la obra, incluso con fines comerciales, sin restricciones.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 32afaa9d-a27f-4885-b30c-ce08c34e1efb.  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) publica este recurso y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Belgian Biodiversity Platform.

Palabras clave

Checklist; Inventoryregional; checklist; inventory; Formicidae; ants; alien species; native species; Belgium


Wouter Dekoninck
  • Originador
  • Punto De Contacto
Institute of Natural Sciences
François Vankerkhoven
  • Originador
Mierenwerkgroep Polyergus
Charlotte Taelman
Philippe Wegnez
  • Originador
Association FourmisWalBru
David Ignace
  • Originador
Association FourmisWalBru
Tim Adriaens
  • Proveedor De Los Metadatos
  • Originador
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Lien Reyserhove
  • Proveedor De Los Metadatos
  • Originador
  • Usuario
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Sanne Govaert
  • Proveedor De Los Metadatos
  • Originador
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Cobertura geográfica


Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [49,49, 2,53], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [51,51, 6,41]

Cobertura taxonómica

Ants (Formicidae), Ants (Formicidae)

Familia Formicidae

Cobertura temporal

Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 1833-01-01 / 2023-12-31

Datos del proyecto

Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).

Título Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)
Identificador TrIAS
Fuentes de Financiación TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).
Descripción del área de estudio Belgium.
Descripción del diseño The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from the Open science lab for biodiversity (https://oscibio.inbo.be) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Métodos de muestreo

A large portion of the occurrence data have been collected by volunteers, other records originated from several projects and research programs. The data and specimens were sent to the Belgian ant curators (all are authors of the dataset here), and after validation, the information was incorporated in the database. Most occurrence records originate from hand/nest sampling (mainly from Wallonia) and pitfall sampling (mainly from Flanders).

Área de Estudio This checklist is the result of 25 years of ant inventory and study in Belgium. Several checklists have been published before (Dekoninck & Vankerkhoven, 2001; Dekoninck et al., 2006; Dekoninck et al., 2012). Nevertheless, some unverified Belgian ant lists circulated on the web and therefore an official new and up-to-date checklist was essential. All data are retrieved from the database FORMIDABEL (Brosens et al., 2013). FORMIDABEL is a joint cooperation of the Flemish ants working group “Polyergus” (http://www.formicidae.be) and the Wallonian ant working group “FourmisWalBru” . The original database was created in 2002 in the context of the preliminary red data book of Flemish Ants (Dekoninck et al. 2003). Later, in 2005, data from the Southern part of Belgium; Wallonia and Brussels were added. In 2012 this dataset was again updated for the creation of the first Belgian Ants Atlas (Dekoninck et al. 2012). The main purpose of this atlas was to generate maps for all outdoor-living ant species in Belgium using an overlay of the standard Belgian ecoregions. Up-to-date maps are still available on www.formicidae-atlas.be.
Control de Calidad All records are individually validated by species experts (resource creators of this dataset).

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. The source data for this standardized checklist is a Google Spreadsheet and re-uploaded regularly at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1LeXXbry2ArK2rngsmFjz_xErwE1KwQ8ujtvHNmTVA6E/edit?gid=1172557183#gid=1172557183
  2. This raw data file was uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/belgian-formicidae-checklist).
  3. We developed a RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core (https://github.com/trias-project/belgian-formicidae-checklist/blob/main/src/dwc_mapping.Rmd)
  4. The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT, documented with metadata, published and registered with GBIF

Referencias bibliográficas

  1. Brosens D, Vankerkhoven F, Ignace D, Wegnez P, Noй N, Heughebaert A, Bortels J, Dekoninck W, 2013. FORMIDABEL; The Belgian Ants Database. ZooKeys, 306: 59-70.
  2. Dekoninck W & Vankerkhoven F, 2001. Checklist of the Belgian ant-fauna (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 71: 263-266.
  3. Dekoninck W, Vankerkhoven F & Maelfait J-P, 2003. Verspreidingsatlas en voorlopige Rode Lijst van de mieren van Vlaanderen. Rapport van het Instituut voor Natuurbehoud 2003.07. Brussel 191 pp.
  4. Dekoninck W, Maelfait J-P, Vankerkhoven F, Baugnée J-Y, & Grootaert P, 2006. An update of the checklist of the Belgian ant fauna with comments on new species for the country (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Belgium Journal of Entomology, 8: 27-41.
  5. Dekoninck W, Ignace D, Vankerkhoven F & Wegnez F, 2012. Verspreidingsatlas van de mieren van België - Atlas des fourmis de Belgique. Bulletin S.R.B.E./K.B.V.E., 148: 95-186.

Metadatos adicionales

Identificadores alternativos 32afaa9d-a27f-4885-b30c-ce08c34e1efb