Updated checklist of the ants in Belgium

Versão mais recente published by Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) on jul 19, 2024 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Publication date:
19 de julho de 2024
CC0 1.0

Baixe a última versão do recurso de dados, como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) ou recurso de metadados, como EML ou RTF:

Dados como um arquivo DwC-A download 101 registros em English (25 KB) - Frequência de atualização: quando necessário
Metadados como um arquivo EML download em English (25 KB)
Metadados como um arquivo RTF download em English (17 KB)


The Updated checklist of the ants in Belgium is a species checklist dataset published by Institute of Natural Sciences. It contains information on 100+ ant species occurring in Belgium, detected between 1833 and 2023. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, kingdom, and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the presence in Flanders, Wallonia and the Brussels Capital Region, the year of the first introduction (first collection) and last assessment/observation in Belgium (given as a year range), as well as the degree of establishment and the pathway(s) of introduction (in the distribution extension), coarse habitat information (in the species profile extension), and the native range(s) (in the description extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/belgian-formicidae-checklist.

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata.

This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It is selected as one of the authoritative sources for the compilation of a unified and reproducible checklist of alien species in Belgium.

Registros de Dados

Os dados deste recurso de checklist foram publicados como um Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), que é o formato padronizado para compartilhamento de dados de biodiversidade como um conjunto de uma ou mais tabelas de dados. A tabela de dados do núcleo contém 101 registros.

Também existem 3 tabelas de dados de extensão. Um registro de extensão fornece informações adicionais sobre um registro do núcleo. O número de registros em cada tabela de dados de extensão é ilustrado abaixo.

Taxon (core)

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.


A tabela abaixo mostra apenas versões de recursos que são publicamente acessíveis.

Como citar

Pesquisadores deveriam citar esta obra da seguinte maneira:

Dekoninck W, Vankerkhoven F, Taelman C, Wegnez P, Ignace D, Adriaens T, Reyserhove L, Govaert S (2024). Updated checklist of the ants in Belgium. Version 1.5. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=belgian-formicidae-checklist&v=1.5


Pesquisadores devem respeitar a seguinte declaração de direitos:

O editor e o detentor dos direitos deste trabalho é Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF Registration

Este recurso foi registrado no GBIF e atribuído ao seguinte GBIF UUID: 32afaa9d-a27f-4885-b30c-ce08c34e1efb.  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) publica este recurso, e está registrado no GBIF como um publicador de dados aprovado por Belgian Biodiversity Platform.


Checklist; Inventoryregional; checklist; inventory; Formicidae; ants; alien species; native species; Belgium


Wouter Dekoninck
  • Originador
  • Ponto De Contato
Institute of Natural Sciences
François Vankerkhoven
  • Originador
Mierenwerkgroep Polyergus
Charlotte Taelman
Philippe Wegnez
  • Originador
Association FourmisWalBru
David Ignace
  • Originador
Association FourmisWalBru
Tim Adriaens
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
  • Originador
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Lien Reyserhove
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
  • Originador
  • Usuário
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
Sanne Govaert
  • Provedor Dos Metadados
  • Originador
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Cobertura Geográfica


Coordenadas delimitadoras Sul Oeste [49,49, 2,53], Norte Leste [51,51, 6,41]

Cobertura Taxonômica

Ants (Formicidae), Ants (Formicidae)

Família Formicidae

Cobertura Temporal

Data Inicial / Data final 1833-01-01 / 2023-12-31

Dados Sobre o Projeto

Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).

Título Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)
Identificador TrIAS
Financiamento TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).
Descrição da Área de Estudo Belgium.
Descrição do Design The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from the Open science lab for biodiversity (https://oscibio.inbo.be) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.

O pessoal envolvido no projeto:

Métodos de Amostragem

A large portion of the occurrence data have been collected by volunteers, other records originated from several projects and research programs. The data and specimens were sent to the Belgian ant curators (all are authors of the dataset here), and after validation, the information was incorporated in the database. Most occurrence records originate from hand/nest sampling (mainly from Wallonia) and pitfall sampling (mainly from Flanders).

Área de Estudo This checklist is the result of 25 years of ant inventory and study in Belgium. Several checklists have been published before (Dekoninck & Vankerkhoven, 2001; Dekoninck et al., 2006; Dekoninck et al., 2012). Nevertheless, some unverified Belgian ant lists circulated on the web and therefore an official new and up-to-date checklist was essential. All data are retrieved from the database FORMIDABEL (Brosens et al., 2013). FORMIDABEL is a joint cooperation of the Flemish ants working group “Polyergus” (http://www.formicidae.be) and the Wallonian ant working group “FourmisWalBru” . The original database was created in 2002 in the context of the preliminary red data book of Flemish Ants (Dekoninck et al. 2003). Later, in 2005, data from the Southern part of Belgium; Wallonia and Brussels were added. In 2012 this dataset was again updated for the creation of the first Belgian Ants Atlas (Dekoninck et al. 2012). The main purpose of this atlas was to generate maps for all outdoor-living ant species in Belgium using an overlay of the standard Belgian ecoregions. Up-to-date maps are still available on www.formicidae-atlas.be.
Controle de Qualidade All records are individually validated by species experts (resource creators of this dataset).

Descrição dos passos do método:

  1. The source data for this standardized checklist is a Google Spreadsheet and re-uploaded regularly at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1LeXXbry2ArK2rngsmFjz_xErwE1KwQ8ujtvHNmTVA6E/edit?gid=1172557183#gid=1172557183
  2. This raw data file was uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/belgian-formicidae-checklist).
  3. We developed a RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core (https://github.com/trias-project/belgian-formicidae-checklist/blob/main/src/dwc_mapping.Rmd)
  4. The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT, documented with metadata, published and registered with GBIF

Citações bibliográficas

  1. Brosens D, Vankerkhoven F, Ignace D, Wegnez P, Noй N, Heughebaert A, Bortels J, Dekoninck W, 2013. FORMIDABEL; The Belgian Ants Database. ZooKeys, 306: 59-70.
  2. Dekoninck W & Vankerkhoven F, 2001. Checklist of the Belgian ant-fauna (Formicidae, Hymenoptera). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 71: 263-266.
  3. Dekoninck W, Vankerkhoven F & Maelfait J-P, 2003. Verspreidingsatlas en voorlopige Rode Lijst van de mieren van Vlaanderen. Rapport van het Instituut voor Natuurbehoud 2003.07. Brussel 191 pp.
  4. Dekoninck W, Maelfait J-P, Vankerkhoven F, Baugnée J-Y, & Grootaert P, 2006. An update of the checklist of the Belgian ant fauna with comments on new species for the country (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Belgium Journal of Entomology, 8: 27-41.
  5. Dekoninck W, Ignace D, Vankerkhoven F & Wegnez F, 2012. Verspreidingsatlas van de mieren van België - Atlas des fourmis de Belgique. Bulletin S.R.B.E./K.B.V.E., 148: 95-186.

Metadados Adicionais

Identificadores alternativos 32afaa9d-a27f-4885-b30c-ce08c34e1efb