The VMM - Inland water macrophyte occurrences in Flanders, Belgium is a sampling event dataset published by the Flanders Environment Agency (VMM). The dataset originates from the macrophyte monitoring network of the VMM and was developed to meet the requirements of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). It includes information on more than 4000 sampling events, associated with more than 40 thousand occurrences of inland water macrophytes in Flanders, sampled from 2006 onwards. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each sampling event: an stable identifier, the sampling location, date and protocol (in the event core), linked to multiple occurrences of macrophytes (in the occurrence core). Sampling events in water bodies are linked to multiple (a)biotic measurements or facts (in the measurement or facts extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/riparias/vmm-macrophytes-occurrences/issues
We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Attribution License. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via email@example.com.
此資源sampling event的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案（DwC-A），其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 4,176 筆紀錄。
亦存在 2 筆延伸集的資料表。延伸集中的紀錄補充核心集中紀錄的額外資訊。 每個延伸集資料表中資料筆數顯示如下。
此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本，以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。
De Jonge M, Lavens F, Gabriels W, Verdievel M, Haspeslagh B (2022): VMM - Inland water macrophyte occurrences in Flanders, Belgium. v1.43. Flanders Environment Agency (VMM). Dataset/Samplingevent. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=vmm-macrophytes-occurrences&v=1.43
此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Flanders Environment Agency (VMM)。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY 4.0) License.
此資源已向GBIF註冊，並指定以下之GBIF UUID: 6e0fb232-04d5-429f-805e-b0877932fdad。 Flanders Environment Agency (VMM) 發佈此資源，並經由Belgian Biodiversity Platform同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。
Samplingevent; VMM; IAS; Kaderrichtlijn Water; KRW; Flemish Environment Agency; macrophytes; sampling event; Flanders
- 元數據提供者 ●
- 出處 ●
- 元數據提供者 ●
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|界定座標範圍||緯度南界 經度西界 [50.695, 2.516], 緯度北界 經度東界 [51.509, 5.845]|
The sampling focus of this dataset is inland macrophytes.
|起始日期 / 結束日期||2006-09-15 / 2021-10-05|
The spread of invasive alien species (IAS) is not hampered by administrative borders. Aquatic IAS, in particular, spread rapidly through the hydrographic network. To effectively control such species requires coordinated management at higher spatial scales. LIFE RIPARIAS (Reaching Integrated and Prompt Action in Response to Invasive Alien Species) aims to achieve such coordination across regional borders in Belgium, supported by open data and open infrastructure for early warning and management reporting. LIFE RIPARIAS aims at improving decision making on IAS management, early warning systems and management reporting tools. To this end, it develops an evidence-based workflow, translating national management objectives into concrete actions in an efficient manner. Ultimately the project aims at increasing the conservation status of aquatic and riparian habitats. More information on LIFE RIPARIAS is available at the project homepage: https://www.riparias.be/. You can also follow LIFE RIPARIAS on Twitter (@LIFEriparias) and Facebook (LIFE Riparias)
|計畫名稱||Reaching Integrated and Prompt Action in Response to Invasive Alien Species (LIFE RIPARIAS)|
|經費來源||LIFE RIPARIAS is co-funded by the three Belgian regions and the European Union in the framework of the LIFE Programme (LIFE19 NAT/BE/000953). It is running from 2021 to 2026.|
|研究區域描述||Dijle, Mark and Zenne river basin of the Scheldt district, Belgium.|
|研究設計描述||LIFE RIPARIAS focuses on aquatic and riparian plants as well as crayfish species located in the Dijle, Mark and Zenne river basin of the Scheldt district in Belgium. Cumulative observation data collected in 2000-2015, completed by data gathered from field surveillance in 2021-2022, will provide the baseline to design management objectives and define quantitative targets.|
The period that is suitable for the monitoring of macrophytes in water courses is from the end of May to the end of September. Per water body, 3 not or little shaded stretches of 100 meters are inventoried; those trajectories are located in the upstream, the middle and the downstream part of the water body. All types of aquatic and riverbank plants present are noted on each route with their respective coverage or abundance. For each section of 10 meters, the global cover by submerged aquatic plants is recorded. For the entire 100m trajectory, the cover per species of aquatic plant is noted according to the Tansley cover scale. The species encountered, together with their abundance according to the Tansley scale, are noted on the field worksheet. Coverage is here understood as the vertical projection on the water surface of the surface occupied by each species. This is therefore a two-dimensional fact, different from the filling of the water column. The sum of the cover of all species can be more than 100% since the plants occur in different layers (e.g. one or more layers of helophytes, a duckweed layer and several layers of submerged plants). Only the species that take root in the water or the sediment are noted. Plants that grow in the (wet or dry) bank and hang over in the water without forming roots are therefore not noted. Based on that recording, four sub-measurements are calculated, namely the type specificity, the disturbance, the growth forms and the vegetation development.. The first metric gives an indication of the extent to which the plant community found is characteristic of the type of watercourse; the second indicates the degree of disturbance, mainly due to an excessive amount of nutrients (eutrophication).Certain species are indeed indicators for pollution and when their abundance increases, that negatively influence the dividing metric. The variety of growth forms is indicative for the structure of water and riparian vegetation. Although aquatic plants into diverse systematic groups belong, they may have similar morphological features exhibits related to the environment. Based on the set of morphological features macrophytes are classified according to their characteristic growth form. Finally, the measurement vegetation development is the extent to which (only) the submerged aquatic plants develop.
|研究範圍||The present dataset originates from the macrophyte monitoring network of the Flanders Environment Agency (VMM). This network was developed in 2007 to meet the requirements of the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). The network encloses all Flemish water bodies where macrophytes are relevant water quality indicators, ranging from large water bodies (drainage area > 50 km²) to smaller bodies (drainage area between 10 and 50 km²). Data collection normally occurs every 3 years (large water bodies) or every 6 years (small water bodies).|
|品質控管||The monitoring is based on the standardized VMM procedure for the monitoring of macrophytes in flowing waters (VMM/WAT/GP/3.111). Based on the ISO14001 standard all co-workers are intensely trained for monitoring and determination of aquatic plants. On a regular basis, audits are performed to evaluate the monitoring protocol as a whole.|
- The source data for this standardized sampling event dataset is managed by the Flanders Environment Agency (VMM).
- An SQL script was developed to transform the data to Darwin Core. This mapping script was uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/riparias/vmm-macrophytes-occurrences/tree/main/sql) and includes the following steps:
- Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data
- Generate stable and unique identifiers for each occurrence (occurrenceID)
- Create an event core file with all sampling events (https://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_event_2022-02-02.xml)
- Create a occurrence extension file (https://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_occurrence_2022-02-02.xml)
- Create a measurement or facts extension file (https://rs.gbif.org/extension/dwc/measurements_or_facts_2022-02-02.xml)
- The resulting Darwin Core files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
- The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.