DAISIE - Inventory of alien invasive species in Europe
The DAISIE - inventory of alien invasive species in Europe is a species checklist dataset published by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) and the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH). It contains information on 12,104 taxa (mostly species and mostly introduced) occurring in the wild in Europe since 1500. It covers a broad taxonomic spectrum of terrestrial and aquatic free living and parasitic organisms. The collation of the alien species list is the result of the efforts of the DAISIE (http://www.europe-aliens.org/) project partners and more than 300 collaborators from Europe and neighbouring countries, involved in different fields of expertise and organisations. Here the DAISIE checklist is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, higher classification, and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the vernacular names (in the vernacular names extension), the presence in a specific region, the year of the first introduction (first collection) and/or last assessment/observation in that region, as well as extra information (in the distribution extension), and the habitat, native range, and ecofunctional group (in the description extension). The DAISIE dataset is no longer maintained, but can be used as a historical archive for researching and managing alien plants or compiling regional and national registries of alien species. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/daisie-checklist
We have released this dataset under a Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY 4.0). We would appreciate it if you follow the GBIF citation guidelines (https://www.gbif.org/citation-guidelines) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via https://twitter.com/trias_project.
The publication of the checklist to GBIF was supported by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) action Alien CSI “CA17122 - Increasing understanding of alien species through citizen science” as a Short Term Scientific Mission “Publishing alien species checklist data for Europe through repeatable, open workflows”, with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO).
The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 12,115 records.
3 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
- Taxon (core)
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Roy D, Alderman D, Anastasiu P, Arianoutsou M, Augustin S, Bacher S, Başnou C, Beisel J, Bertolino S, Bonesi L, Bretagnolle F, Chapuis J L, Chauvel B, Chiron F, Clergeau P, Cooper J, Cunha T, Delipetrou P, Desprez-Loustau M, Détaint M, Devin S, Didžiulis V, Essl F, Galil B S, Genovesi P, Gherardi F, Gollasch S, Hejda M, Hulme P E, Josefsson M, Kark S, Kauhala K, Kenis M, Klotz S, Kobelt M, Kühn I, Lambdon P W, Larsson T, Lopez-Vaamonde C, Lorvelec O, Marchante H, Minchin D, Nentwig W, Occhipinti-Ambrogi A, Olenin S, Olenina I, Ovcharenko I, Panov V E, Pascal M, Pergl J, Perglová I, Pino J, Pyšek P, Rabitsch W, Rasplus J, Rathod B, Roques A, Roy H, Sauvard D, Scalera R, Shiganova T A, Shirley S, Shwartz A, Solarz W, Vilà M, Winter M, Yésou P, Zaiko A, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2020): DAISIE - Inventory of alien invasive species in Europe. v1.7. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Checklist. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=daisie-checklist&v=1.7
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.
Checklist; Inventorythematic; checklist; inventory; alien species; Europe; AlienCSI
Who created the resource:
Who can answer questions about the resource:
Who filled in the metadata:
This checklist contains documented introduction records of the alien taxa for 71 terrestrial and nine marine regions of Europe, the Levantine Basin and the North African coast of the Mediterranean Sea. These regions mostly match political borders of countries as they are known today. Where data were available at a finer political or biogeographic level, these are also presented e.g., the administrative regions of the United Kingdom (Wales, Scotland, England, Northern Ireland) or islands such as Corsica, Sicily, Crete, Greenland or Svalbard.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [27.68, -23.2], North East [70.96, 43.94]|
In total, this dataset includes taxa from 5 kingdoms and 53 phyla recorded in the database. The phyla of Spermatophyta, Arthropoda and Chordata contain the highest numbers of the alien species: 56, 24 and 5 %, respectively. Many phyla (32 out of 53) contain less than 10 recorded species, and 12 phyla are represented by only one recorded alien species.
|Kingdom||Plantae (plants), Animalia (animals), Fungi (fungi), Bacteria (bacteria), Chromista|
|Start Date / End Date||1500-01-01 / 2005-12-31|
See DAISIE (2009)
|Study Extent||See DAISIE (2009)|
|Quality Control||See DAISIE (2009) and step description.|
Method step description:
- The source data is extracted from the DAISIE database, a MySQL database managed by the Centre for Hydrology and Ecology (CEH).
- Multiple raw data files were generated from this database to make the mapping process more structured and easy to comprehend. These raw files were uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/daise-checklist. See https://trias-project.github.io/daisie-checklist/ for an introduction to this repository and the mapping of this dataset.
- We developed multiple RMarkdown scripts to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
- Perform some basic data processing and restructuring (https://trias-project.github.io/daisie-checklist/1_pre_processing.html).
- Create a taxon core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml) including cleaning of the taxon rank information (https://trias-project.github.io/daisie-checklist/2_dwc_taxon_mapping.html).
- Create a vernacular name extension (https://trias-project.github.io/daisie-checklist/3_dwc_vernacularname_mapping.html).
- Create a distribution extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml, including standardization of the location information, occurrence status, means of establishment and event dates (https://trias-project.github.io/daisie-checklist/4_dwc_distribution_mapping.html).
- Create a description extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/description.xml), including information about habitat, native range, and ecofunctional group (https://trias-project.github.io/daisie-checklist/5_dwc_description_mapping.html).
- The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
- The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
- DAISIE (2009) Handbook of alien species in Europe. Springer, Dordrecht ISBN 978-1-4020-8279-5, available by 17 November 2008