National checklists and red lists for European butterflies
最新版本 由 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) 發佈於 2020年6月18日 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

The National checklists and red lists for European butterflies is a species checklist dataset published by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO). It is described in Maes et al. (2019, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-019-00127-z) and compiled from national species lists and red lists from nearly all European countries to prioritize butterfly conservation actions. It covers all 496 butterfly species recognized by Wiemers et al. (2018) to occur in Europe, and includes the occurrence status for 42 countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands), and the red list status for 33 of these. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, higher classification and taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the occurrence status, red list status and sources this is based on per country or Macaronesian island(group) (in the distribution extension), and the English vernacular name (in the vernacular name extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/inbo/eurobutt-checklist/issues

We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via opendata@inbo.be.

首頁 GBIF DwC-A EML RTF 版本 權利 引用此資源
資料紀錄

此資源名錄的資料已發佈為達爾文核心集檔案(DwC-A),其以一或多組資料表構成分享生物多樣性資料的標準格式。 核心資料表包含 496 筆紀錄。

亦存在 2 筆延伸集的資料表。延伸集中的紀錄補充核心集中紀錄的額外資訊。 每個延伸集資料表中資料筆數顯示如下。

  • Taxon (核心)
    496
  • Distribution 
    8020
  • VernacularName 
    464

此 IPT 存放資料以提供資料儲存庫服務。資料與資源的詮釋資料可由「下載」單元下載。「版本」表格列出此資源的其它公開版本,以便利追蹤其隨時間的變更。

下載

下載最新版本的 Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) 資源,或資源詮釋資料的 EML 或 RTF 文字檔。

DwC-A資料集 下載 496 紀錄 在 English 中 (116 kB) - 更新頻率: 需要時
元數據EML檔 下載 在 English 中 (21 kB)
元數據RTF文字檔 下載 在 English 中 (21 kB)
版本

以下的表格只顯示可公開存取資源的已發布版本。

如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Maes D, Wiemers M, Verovnik R, Warren M, Brosens D, Desmet P (2020): National checklists and red lists for European butterflies. v1.1. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15468/ye7whj

權利

研究者應尊重以下權利聲明。:

此資料的發布者及權利單位為 Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)。 To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.

GBIF 註冊

此資源已向GBIF註冊,並指定以下之GBIF UUID: f9af6ffd-febc-4626-b2e8-809b1c60fa01。  Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) 發佈此資源,並經由Belgian Biodiversity Platform同意向GBIF註冊成為資料發佈者。

關鍵字

Checklist; Inventoryregional; checklists; red lists; butterflies; Lepidoptera; Europe; conservation; threatened species; IUCN

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:

Dirk Maes
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Butterfly Conservation Europe (BCE)
BE
Martin Wiemers
Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut / Butterfly Conservation Europe (BCE)
DE
Rudy Verovnik
University of Ljubljana / Butterfly Conservation Europe (BCE)
SI
Martin Warren
Butterfly Conservation Europe (BCE)
NL
Dimitri Brosens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Belgian Biodiversity Platform
BE
Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Dirk Maes
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) / Butterfly Conservation Europe (BCE)
BE

元數據填寫者:

Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
地理涵蓋範圍

This checklist describes the occurrence status of butterfly species in 42 European countries: Albania*, Andorra*, Austria*, Belarus*, Belgium*, Bosnia and Herzegovina*, Bulgaria*, Croatia*, Cyprus, Czech Republic*, Denmark*, Estonia*, Finland*, France*, Germany*, Greece*, Hungary*, Iceland, Ireland*, Italy*, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania*, Luxembourg*, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands*, North Macedonia*, Norway*, Poland*, Portugal, Romania*, Russia, Serbia*, Slovakia*, Slovenia*, Spain*, Sweden*, Switzerland*, Ukraine*, United Kingdom* and the 3 Macaronesian archipelagos with their 18 islands: Canary Islands (El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, La Palma, Lanzorate, Tenerife), Azores (Corvo, Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, Santa Maria, Sao Jorge, Sao Miguel, Terceira), and Madeira (Madeira, Porto Santo). National red list status is included for 33 countries (indicated with *), as well as for Europe and the European Union. There are four European countries without a national butterfly checklist that are therefore not included: Kosovo, Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City.

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [27, -32], 緯度北界 經度東界 [72, 58]
分類群涵蓋範圍

This checklist covers the 496 butterfly species of the superfamily Papilionoidea occurring in Europe according to Wiemers et al. (2018). Scientific names published in the source checklists and red lists that deviate from Wiemers et al. (2018) are mapped and indicated in occurrenceRemarks. As a result of lumping names, a limited number of species have multiple distributions in a single country.

Kingdom  Animalia (animals)
Phylum  Arthropoda
Class  Insecta (insects)
Order  Lepidoptera (butterflies)
Superfamily  Papilionoidea
時間涵蓋範圍
起始日期 / 結束日期 1972-01-01 / 2018-12-31
取樣方法

For each of the 42 European countries, national species lists were compiled using the most recent literature and/or websites. These lists were checked by national experts (all authors of Maes et al. 2019) of the Butterfly Conservation Europe (BCE) consortium, a partnership organisation focused on the conservation of butterflies, moths and their habitats throughout Europe (http://www.bc-europe.eu). The species list of the Macaronesian islands (Tennent 2005) was updated using Vieira and Karsholt (2010) and Vieira (2017) for the Azores, and Báez and Oromí (2010) and Monasterio León et al. (2017) for the Canary Islands. We used locally published species lists and matched them with the most recent taxonomic knowledge and species distribution information as used in the newly updated list of European butterflies (Wiemers et al. 2018). In total, 496 species were considered as being part of the European butterfly fauna, including the Macaronesian archipelagos. 148 (30%) of these species are endemic to the European continent. Apart from national species lists, we also compiled all available information regarding national red lists. Such lists were available for 34 out of the 42 European countries. Some countries such as Germany, Russia and Spain also have red lists at sub-national level (i.e. Länder, provinces, counties), but when a national red list was available, we used the latter for further analysis. Belgium has separate red lists for the two administrative regions that are responsible for nature conservation: Flanders (northern Belgium; Maes et al. 2012) and Wallonia (southern Belgium; Fichefet et al. 2008) and does not have a national red list for the whole country. Therefore, we combined the regional red lists into a Belgian red list by (conservatively) taking the lowest extinction risk category of the two regions as the Belgian red list category. Russia has a relatively old national red list (Iliashenko and Iliashenko 2000; Danilov-Danilian 2001), but only four butterfly species are assessed as declining. We only used relatively recent red lists (≥ 2005), which excluded Russia (2001), reducing the number of countries with red list status included in this dataset to 33. The full reference for all included national checklists and red lists is available at https://github.com/inbo/eurobutt-checklist/blob/e7e63e6728dfbe4612def7d483e5a76b751f0290/data/raw/references.csv

研究範圍 We used the same delineation for Europe as in the red list of European butterflies (van Swaay et al. 2010) and Fauna Europaea (https://fauna-eu.org/data-handling): European mainland (Western Palearctic), including the Macaronesian archipelagos (excluding Cape Verde Islands), Cyprus, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya, but excluding the Western Kazakhstan. The European part of Russia (west of the Ural Mountains) and the Crimea are also included, but in contrast to Fauna Europaea European Turkey is excluded. This comprises 42 countries (excluding small countries such as Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City, as well as Kosovo). The Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands), which administratively belong to European countries (Portugal or Spain) were treated as separate "countries" because of their distinct biogeographical positions.
品質控管 See step description.

方法步驟描述:

  1. The source data for this standardized checklist is a Google Spreadsheet, maintained by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO) and updated at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1RvxpOYf2ZrTu9nsTLumoi-G-GGhh6_lV37TNtPiVES4/edit?usp=sharing.
  2. We developed a RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
  3. Download the source data as csv files that are versioned on a GitHub repository (https://github.com/inbo/eurobutt-checklist). See https://inbo.github.io/eurobutt-checklist for an introduction to this repository and the mapping of this dataset.
  4. Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data.
  5. Generate stable and unique identifiers for each taxon (taxonID).
  6. Create a taxon core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml) with information about the higher classification.
  7. Create a distribution extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml) with the distributions according to the source checklists and red lists (referenced in "source"). Countries are mapped to ISO 3166 codes, islands to marineregions.org identifiers, and occurrence status to http://rs.gbif.org/vocabulary/gbif/occurrence_status.xml (with the addition of "migrant"). 23 of the 33 source red lists follow regional IUCN criteria (https://www.iucnredlist.org/about/regional) and codes.
  8. Create a vernacular name extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/vernacularname.xml) with the English vernacular names.
  9. The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
  10. The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
引用文獻
  1. Báez M, Oromí P (2010) Lepidoptera. In: Arechavaleta M, Rodríguez S, Zurita N, García A (eds) Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias. Hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2009. Gobierno de Canarias, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, pp 302-318
  2. Danilov-Danilian VI (2001) Red data book of the Russian Federation: animals. AST & Astrel Publ, Moscow
  3. Fichefet V, Barbier Y, Baugnée JY, Dufrêne M, Goffart P, Maes D, Van Dyck H (2008) Papillons de jour de Wallonie (1985–2007). Faune-Flore-Habitats, vol n° 4. Groupe de Travail Lépidoptères Lycaena, Département de l’Etude du Milieu Naturel et Agricole (SPW/DGARNE), Gembloux
  4. Iliashenko VY, Iliashenko EI (2000) Krasnaya kniga Rossii: pra- vovye akty [Red Data Book of Russia: legislative acts]. State committee of the Russian Federation for Environmental Pro- tection, Moscow
  5. Maes D, Vanreusel W, Jacobs I, Berwaerts K, Van Dyck H (2012) Applying IUCN Red List criteria at a small regional level: a test case with butterflies in Flanders (north Belgium). Biol Conserv 145:258-266
  6. Maes D, Verovnik R, Wiemers M et al. (2019) Integrating national red lists for prioritising conservation actions for European butterflies. J Insect Conserv 23, 301-330. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10841-019-00127-z
  7. Monasterio León Y et al (2017) Propuesta actualizada de nombres comunes en castellano para las mariposas de la península ibérica y Baleares (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Bol de la Soc Entomol Aragon 60:463-483
  8. Tennent WJ (2005) A check-list of the butterflies of Macaronesia (Canary Islands, Madeira, Azores). Entomol Gaz 56:133-138
  9. van Swaay CAM et al (2010) European Red List of butterflies. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/9511
  10. Vieira V (2017) Vanessa virginiensis (Drury, 1773) in the Azores islands (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). SHILAP Revta Lepid 45:75-81
  11. Vieira V, Karsholt O (2010) Lepidoptera. In: Borges PAV et al (eds) A list of the terrestrial and marine biota from the Azores. Princípia, Cascais, pp 188-192
  12. Wiemers M, Balletto E, Dincă V, Fric ZF, Lamas G, Lukhtanov V, Munguira ML, van Swaay CAM, Vila R, Vliegenthart A, Wahlberg N, Verovnik R (2018) An updated checklist of the European Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea). ZooKeys 811: 9-45. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.811.28712
額外的元數據
替代的識別碼 f9af6ffd-febc-4626-b2e8-809b1c60fa01
https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=eurobutt-checklist