Invasive species - Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) in Flanders, Belgium
Invasive species - Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) in Flanders, Belgium is a sampling event dataset published by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO). It contains information on 120 sampling events with 64 validated occurrences of invasive muntjac (M. reevesi) and native roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) starting from 2004. These occurrences mainly originate from casual observations or cullings of individuals. Here the dataset is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each event: a stable eventID, date and location of observation, and a short description of the sampling protocol (in the event core), supplemented with specific information for each occurrence: a stable occurrenceID, the scientific name and higher classification of the observed species, the number of recorded individuals, sex, life stage, and a reference to the observer and identifier of the record (in the occurrence extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/inbo/data-publication/issues
We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via email@example.com.
This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO).
The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 147 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
- Event (core)
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Casaer J, Devisscher S, Adriaens T, Brosens D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2021): Invasive species - Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) in Flanders, Belgium. v1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Samplingevent. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=invasive-muntjak-occurrences&v=1.2
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.
Samplingevent; Chinese muntjac; Reeve’s muntjac; Muntiacus reevesi; roe deer; Capreolus capreolus; Belgium; alien species; TrIAS; Samplingevent
Who created the resource:
Who can answer questions about the resource:
Who filled in the metadata:
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [50.67, 2.53], North East [51.51, 5.94]|
This survey reports on the occurrences of the invasive Chinese muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) in Flanders in the wild. Chinese muntjac is listed as an invasive species of EU concern sensu the EU Regulation 1143/2014, which requires member states to prevent or manage its introduction and spread.
|Species||Muntiacus reevesi (Chinese muntjac), Capreolus capreolus (roe deer)|
|Start Date / End Date||2004-01-01 / 2018-01-01|
Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).
|Title||Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)|
|Funding||TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).|
|Study Area Description||Belgium.|
|Design Description||The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from LifeWatch INBO (http://lifewatch.inbo.be) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.|
The personnel involved in the project:
Every observation is reported to the INBO through email (firstname.lastname@example.org), by telephone or other means. A standard field observations form is provided in Casaer et al. (2015). This form includes: date, site name, name of the observer, location, hour of arrival at and departure from the site, weather conditions (temperature, wind, fog, cloud cover, rain), species information (muntjak or roe deer), sex, life stage (adult or juvenile), total amount of individuals observed or culled. This form is transmitted to the INBO and fed into the INBO survey database.
|Study Extent||This dataset contains validated observational data (observations, roadkill) of muntjac and roe deer in Flanders reported directly to the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Observations were made by citizens or hunters. It also contains data from muntjac that are subject to a control campaign in Flanders under coordination of the Agency for Nature and Forest (ANB). This mostly involves coordinated shooting of muntjac from high seats.|
|Quality Control||See step description.|
Method step description:
- The source data for this standardized occurrences dataset is contained in the survey database of the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO).
- A SQL script was developed to extract and transform the data to Darwin Core. This mapping script was uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/inbo/data-publication/tree/master/datasets/invasive-muntjak-occurrences/scr) and includes the following steps:
- Perform some basic data cleaning of the raw data
- Generate stable and unique identifiers for each event (eventID) and occurrence (occurrenceID)
- Create an event core file with all sampling events whether or not the target species was observed (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_event_2016_06_21.xml)
- Create a occurrence extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_occurrence_2015-07-02.xml)
- The resulting Darwin Core views are connected with the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
- The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
- Casaer J, Boone N, Devisscher S, Vercammen J, Adriaens T (2015) Best practice voor beheer van Chinese muntjak Muntiacus reevesi in Vlaanderen. Rapporten van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 2015 (INBO.R.2015.7092003). Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, Brussel.
- Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species. Official Journal of the European Union 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35–55 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
- Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Strubbe D, Backeljau T, Barbier Y, Brosens D, Cigar J, Coupremanne M, De Troch R, Eggermont H, Heughebaert A, Hostens K, Huybrechts P, Jacquemart A, Lens L, Monty A, Paquet J, Prévot C, Robertson T, Termonia P, Van De Kerchove R, Van Hoey G, Van Schaeybroeck B, Vercayie D, Verleye T, Welby S, Groom Q (2017) Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS): Building a data-driven framework to inform policy. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13414. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414