Meetnetten.be - Chorus counts for Amphibia in Flanders, Belgium
Meetnetten.be - Chorus counts for Amphibia in Flanders, Belgium is a sampling event dataset published by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO). It is part of the Meetnetten.be suite of monitoring networks for priority species in Flanders, in which data are collected at fixed locations using a standardized protocol (https://meetnetten.be). This dataset contains site counts for 3 priority species (Hyla arborea, Epidalea calamita and Pelobates fuscus), as well as other amphibian species observed during sampling. Here, it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each sampling event an eventID, date, location and sampling protocol (in the event core) and for each occurrence an occurrenceID, the number of recorded individuals, status (present/absent) and scientific name (in the occurrence extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/inbo/meetnetten-occurrences/issues
Generalized and/or withheld information: as these are sensitive priority species, location information is generalized to 1, 5 or 10 km Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid cells. Original locations are available upon request.
We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via firstname.lastname@example.org.
For all published Meetnetten.be datasets, see https://www.gbif.org/dataset/search?project_id=meetnetten.be
The data in this sampling event resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 177 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Piesschaert F, Speybroeck J, Brosens D, Westra T, Desmet P, Ledegen H, Van de Poel S, Pollet M (2021): Meetnetten.be - Chorus counts for Amphibia in Flanders, Belgium. v1.15. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Samplingevent. https://doi.org/10.15468/d4bu8j
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.
Samplingevent; Toads; frogs; freshwater; monitoring; priority species; Samplingevent
Who created the resource:
Who can answer questions about the resource:
Who filled in the metadata:
Who else was associated with the resource:
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [50.67, 2.53], North East [51.51, 5.94]|
The target Caudata species for Meetnetten.be are listed at https://meetnetten.be/#group-1. Other salamanders observed during the sampling are also included. This dataset covers the amphibian chorus counts protocol, for which there are 3 target species.
|Species||Hyla arborea, Epidalea calamita, Pelobates fuscus|
|Start Date / End Date||2016-01-01 / 2020-12-31|
Meetnetten.be is a suite of monitoring networks through which the Flemish Government is collecting high-quality information on 65 priority plant and animal species. These are species on which Flanders has to report to Europe in the framework of the Habitats and Birds Directives, but also other species that are important for the Flemish nature policy.
|Study Area Description||Flanders, Belgium|
|Design Description||Each monitoring network consists of fixed sample locations in which target species are counted based on a standardized protocol. Data collection relies mainly on specialized volunteers, coordinated by the NGO Natuurpunt Studie. Fieldwork is planned and monitored with the web tool https://meetnetten.be, which is also used for entering the collected data.|
The personnel involved in the project:
For the tree frog and spadefoot toad the number of calling males is counted in the reproductive habitat at least twice a year. 1. Male Pelobates fuscus call from the bottom of the waterbody. The calls being fairly weak, counting the exact number of calling males by ear can be challenging. This is particularly the case when other anurans such as Hyla arborea are calling simultaneously. Therefore, the use of an underwater hearing device or hydrophone is advocated. Each waterbody is investigated with waders, in order to approach the calling animals upto hearing distance. 2. Hyla arborea: Monitoring in the framework of the Tree Frog Monitoring Network is done by counting the number of calling males, or in some cases, by estimating the number. 3. For the Natterjack toad monitoring network, calling choruses need to be monitored three times. The number of calling males is counted or in some cases, when the population turns out to be too large, estimated. The number of calling males is counted exactly at each visit. For up to 50 animals the sounds are still good to distinguish and localize so that this is easy (Bauwens & Speybroeck, 2014; Groenveld et al., 2011). With more animals a more rough estimate can be given. Sampling was done using the protocol described in De Bruyn et al. (2015), updated by Speybroeck et al. (2020), and explained to volunteers in Lewylle et al. (2017).
|Study Extent||1. Pelobates fuscus, or the common spadefoot toad, is found in fishless cattle drinking pools and relatively nutrient-rich ponds, but also in cut brook and river meanders in a fairly open, sandy environment. These are often water features in (buffered) heathlands, but also near dikes and even vegetable gardens and extensively managed fields. This type of habitat is rare in Flanders. The common spadefoot currently only occurs in the central part of Limburg. 2. Hyla arborea, or the common tree frog, is found in the scrubland of the Limburgse Kempen, a restricted section of the Antwerpse Kempen near the Belgian-Dutch border, and the dunes of the Zwin. In recent years, the Flemish population has increased. 3. Epidalea calamita or the Natterjack toad is a true pioneer species that thrives in dynamic environments. The species reproduces from April to August, when the animals gather in breeding pools and the males call loudly.|
|Quality Control||Data are collected using a predefined sampling protocol.|
Method step description:
- Researchers from INBO and Natuurpunt Studie define and document the appropriate sampling protocol for the target species.
- Fieldwork is planned and coordinated by Natuurpunt Studie, using https://meetnetten.be.
- Data are collected in the field by specialized volunteers, using the predefined sampling protocol.
- Volunteers enter the collected data in https://meetnetten.be.
- A custom SQL view is created in the meetnetten.be database to map the original data to Darwin Core as an event core with an occurrence extension
- The Darwin Core views are connected to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
- The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
- Luc De Bruyn, Jeroen Speybroeck, Dirk Maes, Geert De Knijf, Thierry Onkelinx, Frederic Piesschaert, Marc Pollet, Toon Westra & Paul Quataert (2015). Monitoringsprotocol kikkers en padden. Rapporten van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 2015 (INBO.R.11336466). Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, Brussel.
- Van de Poel S., I. Lewylle, M. Segal & H. Ledegen. 2018. Veldwerkhandleiding Rugstreeppad. Natuurpunt Studie, Mechelen
- I. Lewylle, M & H. Ledegen. 2018. Veldwerkhandleiding Boomkikker. Natuurpunt Studie, Mechelen
- Speybroeck J, De Bruyn L, Van de Poel S, Ledegen H, Westra T (2020). Monitoringsprotocol amfibieën en reptielen. Versie 2.0. Rapporten van het Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek 2020 (22). Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, Brussel. https://doi.org/10.21436/inbor.17954118