RINSE - Pathways and vectors of biological invasions in Northwest Europe
RINSE - pathways and vectors of biological invasions in Northwest Europe is a species checklist dataset published by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It contains detailed information on 359 taxa, comprising all non-native Mollusca, Osteichthyes (bony fish), Anseriformes (wildfowl), Mammalia and all non-native, invasive Angiospermae occurring in the wild in the Two Seas region countries (Great Britain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands). This dataset is the result of the screening of 33 national and international print and online sources by Zieritz et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-016-1278-z), where it was originally published as supplementary material (Table S2). Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each taxon: the scientific name, higher classification and stable taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the country where it is established as a non-native taxon, the year of first introduction and last assessment in that specific country (given as a year range in the event date in the distribution extension), coarse habitat information (in the species profile extension), the pathway(s) of introduction and native range(s) (in the description extension) and an overview of the consulted literature for each taxon (in the literature references extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at: https://github.com/trias-project/rinse-pathways-checklist
We have released this dataset to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver. We would appreciate it if you follow the INBO norms for data use (https://www.inbo.be/en/norms-data-use) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don't hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via https://twitter.com/LifeWatchINBO.
This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). It is selected as one of the authoritative sources for the compilation of a unified and reproducible checklist of alien species in Belgium.
The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 359 records.
4 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
- Taxon (core)
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Zieritz A, Gallardo B, Baker S J, Britton R, van Valkenburg J L, Verreycken H, Aldridge D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2021): RINSE - Pathways and vectors of biological invasions in Northwest Europe. v1.4. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Dataset/Checklist. https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=rinse-pathways-checklist&v=1.4
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.
Checklist; Inventorythematic; freshwater; invasive; marine; non-native; pathways; terrestrial; Belgium; English Channel; France; Great Britain; Netherlands; TrIAS; Checklist
Who created the resource:
Who can answer questions about the resource:
The checklist covers species that are non-native in at least one of the four countries (Great Britain, France, Belgium and the Netherlands) comprising the Two Seas Programme area (https://www.interreg2seas.eu/en/content/programme-area), and includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater habitats. This region includes various geological types, ranging from Pre-Cambrian, to Carboniferous, Cretaceous and Tertiary rocks. The main river systems in the area include the Thames, Loire, Meuse and Rhine.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [42.32, -8.2], North East [60.86, 8.22]|
No Description available
|Start Date / End Date||1600-01-01 / 2017-01-01|
Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).
|Title||Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)|
|Funding||TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).|
|Study Area Description||Belgium|
|Design Description||The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from LifeWatch INBO (http://lifewatch.inbo.be) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.|
The personnel involved in the project:
See Zieritz et al. (2017)
|Study Extent||See Zieritz et al. (2017)|
|Quality Control||See step description.|
Method step description:
- The source data for this standardized checklist is a Word file, originally published as Table S2 in the supplementary material of Zieritz et al. (2017) (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-016-1278-z#SupplementaryMaterial)
- This raw data file was reformatted to an Excel file to make it more machine-readable and uploaded to a GitHub repository (https://github.com/trias-project/rinse-pathways-checklist). See https://trias-project.github.io/rinse-pathways-checklist for an introduction to this repository and the mapping of this dataset.
- The source references for each record, originally included in the supplementary material of Zieritz et al. (2017), were also reformatted to an Excel file and uploaded to the Github repository.
- We developed an RMarkdown script to document and perform the transformation of the data to Darwin Core, which includes the following steps:
- Perform some basic cleaning of the raw data and scientific names.
- Generate stable and unique identifiers for each taxon (taxonID).
- Create a taxon core file (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml), with information about the higher classification.
- Create a literature references extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/references.xml), with information about the consulted literature for each taxon.
- Create a distribution extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml), including the cleaning and reformatting of date information.
- Create a species profile extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/speciesprofile.xml), with coarse habitat information.
- Create a description extension file (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/description.xml), with standardized pathway of introduction (using the pathway vocabulary from the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014)) and native range (using the WGSRPD vocabulary from Brummitt (2001) where applicable).
- The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
- The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
- Brummitt RK (2001) World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (Ed. 2). Published for the International Working Group on Taxonomic Databases for Plant Sciences (TDWG) by the Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh. http://grassworld.myspecies.info/sites/grassworld.myspecies.info/files/tdwg_geo2.pdf
- Convention on Biological Diversity (2014) Pathways of introduction of invasive species, their prioritization and management. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/9/Add.1. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-18/official/sbstta-18-09-add1-en.pdf
- Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Strubbe D, Backeljau T, Barbier Y, Brosens D, Cigar J, Coupremanne M, De Troch R, Eggermont H, Heughebaert A, Hostens K, Huybrechts P, Jacquemart A, Lens L, Monty A, Paquet J, Prévot C, Robertson T, Termonia P, Van De Kerchove R, Van Hoey G, Van Schaeybroeck B, Vercayie D, Verleye T, Welby S, Groom Q (2017) Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS): Building a data-driven framework to inform policy. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13414. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414
- Zieritz A, Gallardo B, Baker SJ, Britton RJ, van Valkenburg JLCH, Verreycken H, Aldridge DC (2017) Changes in pathways and vectors of biological invasions in Northwest Europe. Biological Invasions 19: 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-016-1278-z