Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - Belgium
Última versión Publicado por Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG en 2 de septiembre de 2021 Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG

The Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - Belgium is a species checklist published by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). It contains information on 3,000+ validated non-native taxa in Belgium and serves as the national reference for the Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species (GRIIS, Pagad et al. 2018). The checklist is created through an open and reproducible workflow developed for the TrIAS project (http://trias-project.be, see Methodology). It is published here as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each taxon: the scientific name, higher classification and stable taxon identifier, provided by the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy (in the taxon core) and related information in three extensions, provided by the source checklists (or the most trustworthy one in case of competing information). The related information consists of the year of first introduction and last assessment/observation in Belgium and where available its regions (given as a year range in the event date in the distribution extension), coarse habitat information (in the species profile extension) and the pathway(s) of introduction, native ranges (following UN geoscheme), and invasion stage in Belgium (in the description extension). The source for each piece of information is credited. Issues with the dataset can be reported at https://github.com/trias-project/unified-checklist

We have released this dataset under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0). We would appreciate it if you follow the GBIF citation guidelines (https://www.gbif.org/citation-guidelines) when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, don’t hesitate to contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via https://twitter.com/trias_project.

This dataset was published as open data for the TrIAS project (Tracking Invasive Alien Species http://trias-project.be, Vanderhoeven et al. 2017), with technical support provided by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO).

Inicio GBIF DwC-A EML RTF Versiones Derechos Citar
Registros

Los datos en este lista de chequeo recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 3.036 registros.

también existen 3 tablas de datos de extensiones. Un registro en una extensión provee información adicional sobre un registro en el core. El número de registros en cada tabla de datos de la extensión se ilustra a continuación.

  • Taxon (core)
    3036
  • Description 
    12255
  • Distribution 
    7414
  • SpeciesProfile 
    3002

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

Descargue la última versión de los datos como un Archivo Darwin Core (DwC-A) o los metadatos como EML o RTF:

Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 3.036 registros en Inglés (575 kB) - Frecuencia de actualización: cuando sea necesario
Metadatos como un archivo EML descargar en Inglés (28 kB)
Metadatos como un archivo RTF descargar en Inglés (25 kB)
Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Desmet P, Reyserhove L, Oldoni D, Groom Q, Adriaens T, Vanderhoeven S, Pagad S (2021): Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species - Belgium. v1.12. Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15468/xoidmd

Derechos

Los usuarios deben respetar los siguientes derechos de uso:

El publicador y propietario de los derechos de este trabajo es Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: 6d9e952f-948c-4483-9807-575348147c7e.  Invasive Species Specialist Group ISSG publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Participant Node Managers Committee.

Palabras Clave

Checklist; Inventorythematic; country_BE; checklist; inventory; alien species; non-native; invasive; Belgium; TrIAS; Checklist

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
Lien Reyserhove
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
Damiano Oldoni
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
Tim Adriaens
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
Sonia Vanderhoeven
Shyama Pagad
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
NZ

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Peter Desmet
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
Lien Reyserhove
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)
BE
Cobertura Geográfica

This checklist covers non-native species recorded in (at least part of) Belgium, and includes terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats.

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [49,49, 2,53], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [51,51, 6,41]
Cobertura Taxonómica

This checklist includes registered non-native taxa present in Belgium. It covers 3,036 unique taxa and five kingdoms: Plantae (2,264 taxa), Animalia (744 taxa), Fungi (25 taxa), Chromista (2 taxa) and Protozoa (1 taxon). This number of species is expected to increase with future updates. All taxonomic information is provided by the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy (https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei).

Reino  Plantae,  Animalia,  Fungi,  Chromista,  Protozoa
Cobertura Temporal
Fecha Inicial / Fecha Final 1500-01-01 / 2020-12-31
Datos del Proyecto

Imagine a future where dynamically, from year to year, we can track the progression of alien species (AS), identify emerging species, assess their current and future risk and timely inform policy in a seamless data-driven workflow. One that is built on open science and open data infrastructures. By using international biodiversity standards and facilities, we would ensure interoperability, repeatability and sustainability. This would make the process adaptable to future requirements in an evolving IAS policy landscape both locally and internationally. The project Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS) aims to do this for Belgium. For a full project description, see Vanderhoeven et al. (2017, https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414).

Título Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS)
Identificador TrIAS
Fuentes de Financiación TrIAS is funded by the Belgian Science Policy Office (BELSPO) call for Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks (BRAIN).
Descripción del Área de Estudio Belgium.
Descripción del Diseño The project builds on two components: 1) The establishment of a data mobilization framework for alien species data from diverse data sources and 2) the development of data-driven procedures for risk evaluation based on risk modelling, risk mapping and risk assessment. TrIAS uses facilities from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF, http://www.gbif.org), standards from the Biodiversity Information Standards organization (TDWG, http://www.tdwg.org) and expertise from the Open science lab for biodiversity (https://oscibio.inbo.be) to create and facilitate a systematic workflow. Alien species data are gathered from a large set of regional, national and international initiatives, including citizen science data, with a wide taxonomic scope from marine, terrestrial and freshwater environments. Observation data are funnelled in repeatable ways to GBIF. In parallel, a Belgian checklist of alien species is established, benefiting from various taxonomic and project-based checklists foreseen for GBIF publication.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Investigador Principal
Quentin Groom
Autor
Diederik Strubbe
Autor
Sonia Vanderhoeven
Métodos de Muestreo

This unified checklist is the result of two open and reproducible data pipelines developed for the TrIAS project (http://trias-project.be). In the data publication pipeline, we use the Checklist recipe (https://github.com/trias-project/checklist-recipe/wiki) to standardize and publish a selection of authoritative species checklists as Darwin Core Archives to GBIF. Predominantly, these checklists record the presence of alien species in Belgium for a specific taxon group or habitat and are maintained by their respective authors. In the data processing pipeline, we extract all Belgian non-native taxa from these checklists and unify their taxonomy using the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy (https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei). This automated process is implemented and documented at https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/ and described in brief in "Method step description". The sources used for the unified checklist are: 1. Manual of the Alien Plants of Belgium (Verloove et al. 2018, https://doi.org/10.15468/wtda1m), 2. Checklist of alien birds of Belgium (Preda et al. 2019, https://doi.org/10.15468/wr3gis), 3. Checklist of non-native freshwater fishes in Flanders, Belgium (Verreycken et al. 2018, https://doi.org/10.15468/xvuzfh), 4. Checklist of alien herpetofauna of Belgium (van Doorn et al. 2021, https://doi.org/10.15468/pnxu4c), 5. Inventory of alien macroinvertebrates in Flanders, Belgium (Boets et al. 2018, https://doi.org/10.15468/yxcq07), 6. Registry of introduced terrestrial molluscs in Belgium (Backeljau et al. 2019, https://doi.org/10.15468/t13kwo), 7. Checklist of alien species in the Scheldt estuary in Flanders, Belgium (Soors et al. 2021, https://doi.org/10.15468/8zq9s4), 8. Catalogue of the Rust Fungi of Belgium (Vanderweyen et al. 2018, https://doi.org/10.15468/2dboyn), 9. WRiMS: World Register of Introduced Marine Species (Flanders Marine Institute 2019, https://doi.org/10.14284/347), 10. Ad hoc checklist of alien species in Belgium (Reyserhove et al. 2018, https://doi.org/10.15468/3pmlxs), and 11. RINSE - Pathways and vectors of biological invasions in Northwest Europe (Zieritz et al. 2018, https://doi.org/10.15468/guejza)

Área de Estudio This checklist includes all registered non-native taxa present (present, common, rare, irregular) in Belgium included in the source checklists (see sampling description).
Control de Calidad Source checklists are verified by their authors and ranked by trust before processing. Scientific names not recognized or considered synonyms by the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy are verified (agree to lump or decide to keep as separate taxon) before inclusion (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/3_verify_taxa.html).

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

  1. Data for this checklist are retrieved, unified and standardized from source checklists through a series of RMarkdown scripts (https://github.com/trias-project/unified-checklist/tree/master/src) that are versioned on GitHub (https://github.com/trias-project/unified-checklist) and which include the following steps:
  2. Choose published checklists to use as sources for this unified checklist and retrieve their taxa from GBIF (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/1_get_taxa.html).
  3. Filter taxa on their associated distribution information to only target non-native species present in Belgium (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/1_get_taxa.html#filter-on-distribution).
  4. Retrieve the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy information assigned for each taxon, as well as their originally published distribution, species profile and description information (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/2_get_information.html).
  5. Verify (by humans) the synonymy information returned by the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, i.e. accepting or rejecting the lumping of taxa that differ in their scientific name, but can be considered the same within or across checklists (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/3_verify_taxa.html).
  6. Unify taxa within and across checklists to get a unique list of taxa and append higher classification information using the GBIF Backbone Taxonomy (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/4_unify_taxa.html).
  7. Unify related information to get a single distribution per location per taxon and species profile per taxon (based on the most trustworthy source checklist in case of competing information), as well as all unique descriptions (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/5_unify_information.html), including standardization of the native range to UN geoscheme regions.
  8. Standardize the checklist to a Darwin Core Archive (https://trias-project.github.io/unified-checklist/6_dwc_mapping) containing 1) a taxon core (http://rs.gbif.org/core/dwc_taxon.xml), 2) a distribution extension (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/distribution.xml) with one distribution per taxon, 3) a species profile extension (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/speciesprofile.xml) and 4) a description extension (http://rs.gbif.org/extension/gbif/1.0/description.xml). The description extension contains information on the pathway of introduction (using the pathway vocabulary from the Convention on Biological Diversity (2014)), native range (using the WGSRPD vocabulary from Brummitt (2001) where applicable), and invasion stage (based on Blackburn et al. (2011)).
  9. The resulting Darwin Core data files are uploaded to the INBO IPT and documented with metadata.
  10. The dataset is published and registered with GBIF.
Referencias Bibliográficas
  1. Backeljau T, Reyserhove L, Desmet P (2019). Registry of introduced terrestrial molluscs in Belgium. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/t13kwo
  2. Blackburn TM, Pysek P, Bacher S, Carlton JT, Duncan RP, Jarosik V, Wilson JRU & Richardson DM (2011) A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 333-339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.023
  3. Boets P, Lock K, Mertens J, Goethals P, Adriaens T, Groom Q, Brosens D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2018). Inventory of alien macroinvertebrates in Flanders, Belgium. Version 1.5. Ghent University. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/yxcq07
  4. Brummitt RK (2001) World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, Edition 2. Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG) http://www.tdwg.org/standards/109
  5. Convention on Biological Diversity (2014) Pathways of introduction of invasive species, their prioritization and management. UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/18/9/Add.1. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal. https://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/sbstta/sbstta-18/official/sbstta-18-09-add1-en.pdf
  6. Flanders Marine Institute (2019). World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.14284/347
  7. GBIF Secretariat (2017). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei
  8. Pagad S, Genovesi P, Carnevali L, Schigel D, McGeoch MA (2018). Introducing the Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species. Sci. Data 5:170202 https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2017.202
  9. Preda C, Adriaens T, Strubbe D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2019). Checklist of alien birds of Belgium. Version 1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/wr3gis
  10. Reyserhove L, Groom Q, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Dekoninck W, Van Keer K, Lock K (2018). Ad hoc checklist of alien species in Belgium. Version 1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/3pmlxs
  11. Soors J, Van de Meutter F, Van Ryckeghem G, Adriaens T, Reyserhove L (2021). Checklist of alien species in the Scheldt estuary in Flanders, Belgium. Version 1.7. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/8zq9s4
  12. Vanderhoeven S, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Strubbe D, Backeljau T, Barbier Y, Brosens D, Cigar J, Coupremanne M, De Troch R, Eggermont H, Heughebaert A, Hostens K, Huybrechts P, Jacquemart A, Lens L, Monty A, Paquet J, Prévot C, Robertson T, Termonia P, Van De Kerchove R, Van Hoey G, Van Schaeybroeck B, Vercayie D, Verleye T, Welby S, Groom Q (2017) Tracking Invasive Alien Species (TrIAS): Building a data-driven framework to inform policy. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13414. https://doi.org/10.3897/rio.3.e13414
  13. Vanderweyen A, Fraiture A, Groom Q, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2018). Catalogue of the Rust Fungi of Belgium. Version 1.1. Botanic Garden Meise. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/2dboy
  14. van Doorn L, Reyserhove L, Speybroeck J, Adriaens T (2021). Checklist of alien herpetofauna of Belgium. Version 1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/pnxu4c
  15. Verloove F, Groom Q, Brosens D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2018). Manual of the Alien Plants of Belgium. Version 1.7. Botanic Garden Meise. Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/wtda1m
  16. Verreycken H, Belpaire C, Adriaens T, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2018). Checklist of non-native freshwater fishes in Flanders, Belgium. Version 1.4. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/xvuzfh
  17. Zieritz A, Gallardo Armas B, Baker S J, Britton R, van Valkenburg J L, Verreycken H, Aldridge D, Desmet P, Reyserhove L (2018). RINSE - Pathways and vectors of biological invasions in Northwest Europe. Version 1.2. Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). Checklist dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/guejza
Metadatos Adicionales
Identificadores Alternativos 6d9e952f-948c-4483-9807-575348147c7e
https://ipt.inbo.be/resource?r=unified-checklist